Monday, October 12, 2020

Gallup Survey Showed 75% of Pakistanis Welcomed 1999 Coup

On October 12, 1999, Pakistani military toppled democratically elected Prime Minister Mian Mohammad Nawaz Sharif. This action followed the Prime Minister's sudden decision to sack Army Chief General Pervez Musharraf and the Prime Minister's simultaneous orders to deny landing permission to the Pakistan International Airlines Boeing 777-200 that was bringing the Army Chief back to Karachi from Colombo, Sri Lanka. Polls conducted immediately after the coup showed broad public support for it. 

October 1999 Gallup Survey:

A Gallup poll conducted immediately after the coup showed that 75% of respondents supported the military takeover, while less than 10% supported restoring Mr. Nawaz Sharif's government. 

Gallup Pakistan Survey Report October 13, 1999. Source: Bilal Gilani

Benazir Bhutto's Reaction:

It was not just the ordinary Pakistanis who welcomed the coup that toppled Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif's government. Here's how Pakistan's first woman prime minister late Benazir Bhutto reacted to it in 1999:

"Here, a coup has taken place against an unpopular despot (Nawaz Sharif) who was hounding the press, the judiciary, the opposition, the foreign investors. And when he decided to divide the army, the last institution left, the army reacted. Without going into the justifications of who is worse and the frying pan or the fire, I would like to say 'let's move forward'. This is a very dangerous period for a country which has physical bankruptcy and I would like to urge the western community to stay away from Nawaz Sharif, he is not liked by the Pakistani people"

Public Opinion Surveys:

There were frequent public opinion surveys conducted by multiple professional pollsters in Pakistan in the decade that followed the 1999 coup. One such credible survey was done regularly by Pew Global Research.  It showed that the majority of the people believed the country was headed in the right direction in Musharraf years. It also showed that people's satisfaction with Pakistan's direction has been in rapid decline. It fell sharply during the governments headed by the Pakistan People's Party. 

Source: Pew Research in Pakistan


Another survey conducted by Gallup Pakistan  in August 2013 showed that 59% of Pakistanis have a positive view of President Muaharraf (31%  say they hold a favorable opinion of him and another 28% say he was satisfactory). 34% had an unfavorable opinion of the former ruler. 

Pakistani Military's Popularity:

Multiple polls conducted over many years in Pakistan have consistently shown that the overwhelming majority of Pakistanis have high confidence in the Pakistani military. This is in sharp contrast to significantly lower levels of confidence they have shown in the country's politicians and bureaucrats. These results appear to reflect the Pakistanis' fear of chaos...the chaos which has hurt them more than any other threat since the country's inception in 1947. Indian Congress leader Mani Shankar Aiyar has described this situation in the following words: "Despite numerous dire forecasts of imminently proving to be a "failed state" Pakistan has survived, bouncing back every now and then as a recognizable democracy with a popularly elected civilian government, the military in the wings but politics very much centre-stage .....the Government of Pakistan remaining in charge, and the military stepping in to rescue the nation from chaos every time Pakistan appeared on the knife's edge". Pakistanis are not alone in their fear of chaos. Chinese, too, fear chaos. "In Chinese political culture, the biggest fear is of chaos", writes Singaporean diplomat Kishore Mahbubani in his recent book entitled "Has China Won".   

PILDAT Survey 2015


2015 poll conducted by Pakistan Institute of Legislative Development (PILDAT) found that 75% of respondents trust the country's military, a much higher percentage than any other institution. Only 36% have confidence in Pakistan's political parties.  


Gallup Poll Findings in Pakistan. Source: Gallup International

Here's a 2014 snapshot of how Pakistanis see various other institutions, according to Gallup International

1. Institutions - Less than one-third of Pakistanis have confidence in the national government, local police, and honesty of elections, and the ratings for those institutions have declined over the last six years. Pakistan's military is the one institution that has retained the confidence of an overwhelming majority (roughly 80%) of people in the country. 

2. Corruption - Eighty-one percent of Pakistanis see their government as rife with corruption. This is an increase of 13 percentage points over the last six years. 

3. Leadership - Approximately one in three Pakistanis approve of the leaders in the city or area where they live. Their approval of national leaders is lower - approximately one in five Pakistanis approve of them.

Why is Pakistani Military Popular?

The popularity of the military among Pakistanis' appears to reflect their fear of chaos. Pakistani military has helped the nation defy the most dire predictions of Pakistan's demise. Political, military, religious, ethnic, sectarian, secular, conservative and liberal forces are constantly pushing and pulling to destabilize it but Pakistan remains resilient with its strong nationalism that has evolved after 1971. 

A recent example is Pakistan Army's efforts to defend the state by its anti-terror operations Zarb e Azb and Radd ul Fasad that dramatically reduced the level of violence and significantly improved security in the country. It resulted in increased confidence of businesses, investors and consumers in the economy.  Another recent example is the military's active role in Pakistan's success against  pandemic caused by the deadly coronavirus

Terror Stats in Pakistan. Source: satp.org



Here's how India's ex cabinet minister Mani Shankar Aiyar has described Pakistani military's role in defending national integrity:  

"Despite numerous dire forecasts of imminently proving to be a "failed state" Pakistan has survived, bouncing back every now and then as a recognizable democracy with a popularly elected civilian government, the military in the wings but politics very much centre-stage, linguistic and regional groups pulling and pushing, sectarian factions murdering each other, but the Government of Pakistan remaining in charge, and the military stepping in to rescue the nation from chaos every time Pakistan appeared on the knife's edge." 

Pakistanis are not alone in their fear of chaos as being their biggest enemy. Chinese too fear chaos, as described by former Singaporean diplomat Kishore Mahbubani in his recent book "Has China Won":

"In Chinese political culture, the biggest fear is of chaos. The Chinese have a word for it: luàn. Given these many long periods of suffering from chaos—including one as recent as the century of humiliation from the Opium War of 1842 to the creation of the People’s Republic of China in 1949—when the Chinese people are given a choice between strong central control and the chaos of political competition, they have a reflexive tendency to choose strong central control". 

Summary: 

Pakistani military remains the most popular institution in the country, according to multiple polls conducted over several decades. In October 1999, the military coup against Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif was widely welcomed in Pakistan. A Gallup poll conducted immediately after the coup showed that 75% of the people supported the military action. Only 10% of the respondents in the poll supported restoring Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif's government. These results appear to reflect the Pakistanis' fear of chaos...the chaos which has hurt them more than any other threat since the country's inception in 1947.  Indian Congress leader Mani Shankar Aiyar has described this situation in the following words: "Despite numerous dire forecasts of imminently proving to be a "failed state" Pakistan has survived, bouncing back every now and then as a recognizable democracy with a popularly elected civilian government, the military in the wings but politics very much centre-stage .....the Government of Pakistan remaining in charge, and the military stepping in to rescue the nation from chaos every time Pakistan appeared on the knife's edge". Pakistanis are not alone in their fear of chaos. Chinese, too, fear chaos. "In Chinese political culture, the biggest fear is of chaos", writes Singaporean diplomat Kishore Mahbubani in his recent book entitled "Has China Won". 





7 comments:

Rashid A. said...

Lt. Gen. (R) Shahid Aziz in his book “ یہ خاموشی کہاں تک“
says the whole coup was planned BEFORE MUSH EVEN LEFT FOR COLOMBO, and the airplane being denied the landing was a drama.

https://twitter.com/ansaraabbasi/status/1315653656159682560?s=21

With so much deception and propaganda, no wonder the survey would produce the desired results.

Here is another view:
https://twitter.com/amberrshamsi/status/1315697972370432001?s=21

Riaz Haq said...

Rashid: "With so much deception and propaganda, no wonder the survey would produce the desired results."

Here's a high-profile victim of Pakistani military propaganda in 1999: Benazir Bhutto


"Here, a coup has taken place against an unpopular despot who was hounding the press, the judiciary, the opposition, the foreign investors. And when he decided to divide the army, the last institution left, the army reacted. Without going into the justifications of who is worse and the frying pan or the fire, I would like to say 'let's move forward'. This is a very dangerous period for a country which has physical bankruptcy and I would like to urge the western community to stay away from Nawaz Sharif, he is not liked by the Pakistani people".

https://youtu.be/paOPw8jCsLQ

Ahmed said...

Sir Riaz

I am not much interested in politics but as far as I know Gen Shahid Aziz was a supporter of PMLN party ,so he will obviously defend PMLN Leader Nawaz Shareef .

Sir the question arises that if this whole millitary coup in the country was well planned in advance by Pakistan millitary before the journey of Gen.Musharaf from Karachi to Colombo started ,then why later when Nawaz Shareef become PM of the country ,he didn't mention this issue in public or in Parliament ?

These supporters of PMLN must be asked that the scheme which PMNL government started in 1999 which titled as " KARZ UTARO MULK SAWARON" ,and all the money which was collected by this government from the people of Pakistan in the form of taxes ,where did that money go ?

samir sardana said...

Pakistanis DESPISE CHAOS and INDIANS revel in Chaos.The Indian CHAOS is created, synchronised and orchestrated by the State and the Hindoo Elite to divert and distract attention from the REAL issues - poverty,hunger,NEGATIVE GDP,Galwan,COVID,Corruption by the State .....

The CHAOS in Pakistan,is in part ORCHESTRATED by foreign powers,who feel that they are getting their way,with the ruling dispensation.This is manifested by Coups,FATF,IMF and terror.But the primary reason for the same,is that the Pakistani elite,do not kowtow to the WEST,any more - as their empirical record of self - interest and betrayal,bears ample testimony to their perfidy,and their innate desire,to create and control puppets.

India on the other hand has always been played by the Americans and USSR and is now the lapdog of the USA and Israel.Hence,the Americans ensure that,there is no REAL CHAOS in India - as there too much at stake,for the Americans - for India to go down the tube.

The Chinese have STILL NOT understand the Indian Lapdog syndrome.dindooohindoo

The CCP and the PLA have to understand that,the Indians and the Indian nation,will ultimately become the lapdogs,of the USA and Israel.

If you analyse Indian History - this culture of servility and slavery of the Indian Weasels, will become evident, even to a lay reader.

The years of Nehru and Indira Gandhi,and their foreign Policy and Strategic goals,were conditioned by the Cold War - wherein the Indians had OUTSOURCED their strategic thinking, to the USSR.It was a romantic utopian age - which is dead.

Most of the so called Indian Thinkers ( Excluding Nehru and Indira Gandhi),were Soviet Spies.NAM was the epitome of the concoction,of the vacillating Indian Weasels - who could NOT take a stand with either side - and hence - NAM (Numb,Asinine and Mad).

Then came Modi,the son of a dishwasher,and like many Indian Kings,in the last 2000 years,a man of limited IQ,but overweening ambition and dreams of divinity - which were accurately assessed,by the Americans and the Israelis.

India needs a massive restructuring and refurbishment,of its military technology - which CAN ONLY BE DONE,BY THE USA and ISRAEL.Further,the economic future of the Indian Nation,lies with the Americans.They have to ally,with the Americans and Israelis.

The Servile Indian People,as a race, are in love with the White Man,and are BASICALLY ANTI-ISLAM,and idolise,the Israeli brutalities in Palestine.

The Persians were living in fantasy land with the Indians,and supporting the Indians against Pakistan (which is the neighbour of Iran). They ACTUALLY thought that they had a COMMON CULTURE AND HISTORY and that the WEST DID NOT understand them ! The Persians thought that their DNA and the Oil sales to India,will make India a RELIABLE PARTNER.

BUT THE INDIANS WILTED UNDER AMERICAN PRESSURE ! What were the Persians thinking ? Who Played whom ? The Persians forgot what their Great King Cyrus,said about Hindoos

The wisdom of the “children of Cyrus,Darius and Xerxes”,encapsulates the “transcendence of Human thought”, the “Deuterosis of the Dindoo”, as under:

A “Persian dictionary”,titled “Lughet-e-Kishwari”,published in Lucknow in 1964,gives the meaning of the word Hindu as “chore [thief], dakoo [dacoit],raahzan [waylayer], and ghulam [slave].

Today,India Supports Israel - UNCONDITIONALLY.The Israelis have made the HINDUS BELIEVE,THAT THEY ARE 1 OF THE LOST TRIBES OF ISRAEL ! Just like they conned Cyrus,to believe,that he was their Messiah,

India is a Poor Backward nation of heathens and menials,ruled by corrupt Politicians and Banias.All their ill gotten wealth,is laundered in the West.The CIA has DIRT on EVERY Indian politician and tycoon.The Indian Media is also worthless.

Such a nation is a PRIME CANDIDATE,TO BE A PERMANENT US ALLY.The Americans waited and watched from 1947,as they knew the fatal flaw of the Indian DNA - and they see the logical corollary,in the state of India - as of Today

IT IS A WASTE OF TIME,FOR THE PLA TO COUNSEL OR NEGOTIATE,WITH INDIA.IT IS A US STOOGE AND A US LAPDOG.

Rks said...

Agree with. PM was a manipulative person. He manipulated with all things. Even made financial statistics look rosy.

samir sardana said...

Y did Nawaz take the help of the Jindals ? Who are the Jindals ? They are Bania Marwari Filth from Rajasthan.They were scrap dealers - BUILT UP BY THE INDIAN STATE.They are Indian Assets,who have bribed the entire Indian Media,Polity,Bureaucrats and the lower Judiciary.

The weakness of Nawaz was his steel business,and his dreams of making a steel/metals empire,in the world.The Indians used the Jindal Bania to co-opt Nawaz.If you analyse the pattern of Nawaz's activities,his over-reach happened,after his proximate contact,with the Jindals.dindooohindoo

The Jindals have looted the banking system,and the Indian state,bankrupted SOEs and private entities,and then,bought then for a pittance - after outrageous CDR/OTS with the bankrupt Indian Banking system - that is the Business Model,of these Bania Marwari Filth.

Thereafter,the Bania vermin,raise import barriers on steel,to protect their businesses,and also,ban iron ore exports - to crash local prices,of ores and increase steel profits.At the Last STEP, they use Indian Banks to fund their overseas expansions.

And the dumb Indians are mute spectators.

Even the Pakistani Hoi Polloi,are not aware of much - BUT THERE IS THE PAKISTANI ARMY ! And so,they made the move ! Nawaz had in mind,the same Bania Business Model !

In the entire world,Nawaz could find ONLY THE JINDALS ! That reflects the state of mind and the state of overconfidence !

Of Course,there is no doubt about the financial and business acumen and genius of Nawaz - but the bet on the Jindals,was a disaster !

While the Pakistani mediaand polity excoriated Nawaz - for his Bania link - NO ONE pilloried,the Bania in India - there was a hushed "know it all" silence !

Y ?

Simple !

The Bania Jindal,was an Indian Asset,and he did his pimping contract !

As a matter of Philosophy a Muslim (besides an "Indian" Muslim),should not BET on vermin - irrespective of faith.

It is these Banias who fund,finance and sponsor the entities (VHP/Bajrang Dal/Durga Vahini....),who lynch Muslims and which,DESTROYED,THE BABRI MASJID.It is the Politcal puppets of these Entities,who assist the Banias,in their mass plunder,of the Indian Masses - and, in turn,these Bania vermin - pass of the cash,to the said entities and their dubious trusts and temples.

If a man of the intellect of Nawaz,DID NOT know of the above - then there is a PROBLEM




samir sardana said...

This is for the Indian Limpets,who call Pakistan a failed state

You Pee has a population of 200 million,and a Nominal GDP of USD 240 Billion (which includes large amounts of govtt expenditure).dindooohindoo
Pakistan has a population of 200 million,and a Nominal GDP of USD 280 Billion - and with 3 times the land mass of You Pee - highlighting latent potential

Maharashtra has a GDP of USD 400 Billion - but that is all on paper.Mumbai is the Corporate HQ,and so,the GDP gets aggregated in Maharashtra.It has a port and so,all manufacturing is naturally viable in Maharashtra (as it also the central hub of India).The Maharashtra state earns some tax revenue from these units - but the units leave behind enough poison and pollution,to doom the people of Maharashtra ! On most metrics of developmental economics,Maharashtra is behind Pakistan, and on all parameters,it is behind Punjab (of Pakistan)

Bottom Line - India has 70000 cases of Covid,a day,and Pakistan has,less than 2000

Bottom Line - The Price of Petrol,Diesel and Kerosene,in India,is 60 - 80% HIGHER,THAN THAT,IN PAKISTAH (ON PPP - id.est., in USD terms)

Indian Palm Oil rates,are also,at least 50% higher,than that in Pakistan

What do we have here ?

Let us ignore the Indian NPAs,of Rs 20,00,000 crores

The Indian Failed State is recovering its bankruptcy,and the loot of the Banias and Brahmins - by levying taxes,on essentials like oils - on 1.2 billion people - which leads to a situation,where the said essentials,cost 50-100% higher,than the Cost to the Consumer in Pakistan

FAILED STATE ?

Only a failed state diverts attention from REAL ISSUES to SSR,Rhea,Drugs,Ram,Love Jihad ..............