Thursday, October 22, 2020

Pakistan's Per Capita Milk Consumption Reaches 231 Liters

Per capita milk consumption in Pakistan reached 231 liters (231 Kg) in 2019, according to a new research report entitled ‘Asia – Whole Fresh Milk – Market Analysis, Forecast, Size, Trends and Insights’. It has almost doubled from 119 liters per person in 2011. Milk production in Pakistan is the second highest in Asia and the third highest in the world.  Per capita milk consumption of 231 kg in Pakistan is the third highest in Asia, behind Uzbekistan's 339 Kg and Turkey's 281 Kg, according to the IndexBox report

Top Milk Producing Countries. Source: FAO

Milk Production:

Pakistan produced 47 million tons of milk in 2019, the third largest in the world after top-ranked India's 198 million tons and the United States' 100 million tons. Pakistan’s milk production is projected to increase by an average of 3% a year due to an increase in the herd population. According to FAO projections, Asian production is expected to increase by 2% in 2020 due to expected growth in India, Pakistan, and China, while Turkey may experience a decline.

In value terms, India ($146.8B) led the market, alone. The second position in the ranking was occupied by Pakistan ($37.3B). It was followed by China.

Milk Production Growth in Pakistan


Milk Consumption: 

Milk consumption in Pakistan in 2019 was 231 Kg per capita. It has grown an average of 3.2% a year in the last decade. From 2009 to 2019, the average annual rate of growth in terms of volume in India totaled +5.4%. The remaining consuming countries recorded the following average annual rates of consumption growth: Pakistan (+3.2% per year) and China (-1.2% per year).  

Pakistan Dairy Sector:

Vast majority of milk producers in Pakistan are small farmers who own a few cows or buffaloes and sell unprocessed milk. However, commercial scale dairy farming is starting to grow in the country.  Since the year 2000, corporate sector has seen the potential and jumped in with brand names like Dawood's Engro and Nestle's MilkPak.  This has led to the enlargement of herds with imports of high-quality milk germ plasm, the productivity per animal, milk collection, processing and marketing, the supply of dairy inputs (machinery, equipment, feeds, semen, and elite dairy animals), and farmers knowledge, and skills on modern management practices.   

The size of the opportunity for selling dairy products in Pakistan has attracted significant investments from European giants like Nestle, FrieslandCampina and Unilever. Commercial dairy farms like JK Dairy.  

Pakistan Agriculture Output: 

As of 2016, Pakistan's agriculture output is $52.5 billion, the 10th largest in the world in terms of gross value of agricultural production at current prices, according to Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). China leads with $1.2 trillion in agricultural output, followed by India's $365 billion, United States with $329 billion, Brazil's $167 billion, Indonesia $135 billion, Japan's $91 billion, Russia's $69 billion, Turkey's $69 billion, France's $65 billion and Pakistan's $52 billion.  

Top 10 Countries by Agriculture Output. Source: FAO



Summary:

Pakistan is among the world's largest dairy producing and consuming nations. Pakistan produced 47 million tons of milk in 2019, the third largest in the world after top-ranked India's 198 million tons and the United States' 100 million tons. Per capita milk consumption in Pakistan reached 231 Kg in 2019. Pakistan’s milk production is projected to increase by an average of 3% a year due to an increase in the herd population. Vast majority of milk producers in Pakistan are small farmers who own a few cows or buffaloes and sell unprocessed milk. However, commercial scale dairy farming is starting to grow in the country. Overall, Pakistan's agriculture output is the 10th largest in the world.

Related Links:

Haq's Musings

South Asia Investor Review

Chicken Cheaper Than Daal

Meat Industry in Pakistan

Bumper Crops and Soaring Tractor Sales in Pakistan

Meat and Dairy Revolution in Pakistan

Pakistanis Are Among the Most Carnivorous

Eid ul Azha: Multi-Billion Dollar Urban-to-Rural Transfer

Pakistan's Rural Economy

Pakistan Leads South Asia in Agriculture Value Addition

Median Incomes in India and Pakistan

6 comments:

Rashid A. said...

Riaz Sahib

Thank you for sharing this news.

Pakistan on a steep trajectory for enhanced dairy and goat milk production. Milk consumption is the engine that drives many industries. It’s consumption is also a measure of quality of life and affluence.

Part of it is driven by industrialized demand for processed products by companies like Nestle. They are also investing in Hay production and high protein fodder crops and seeds.

And guess what? UC Davis is playing a significant role in it.i will share your link with UC Davis.

Riaz Haq said...

Rashid: "And guess what? UC Davis is playing a significant role in it.i will share your link with UC Davis."

Glad to hear UC Davis is helping, thanks to UC alums like you personally facilitating the relationship.

Riaz Haq said...

#Pakistan's #agriculture output is $52.5 billion, world's 10th largest . 1. #China: $1.2 trillion,2. #India's $365 billion, 3. #US's $329B, 4. Brazil's $167B, 5. #Indonesia $135B, 6. #Japan's $91B, 7. #Russia's $69B, 8. Turkey's $69B, 9. France's $65B.
https://knoema.com/atlas/topics/Agriculture/Value-of-Agricultural-Production-Gross-Production-Value-Current-Million-USdollar/Gross-value-of-agricultural-production

https://twitter.com/haqsmusings/status/1319702261635764224?s=20

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As of 2016, Pakistan's agriculture output is $52.5 billion the 10th largest in the world in terms of gross value of agricultural production at current prices, according to Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).

https://knoema.com/atlas/topics/Agriculture/Value-of-Agricultural-Production-Gross-Production-Value-Current-Million-USdollar/Gross-value-of-agricultural-production

China leads with $1.2 trillion in agricultural output, followed by India's $365 billion, United States with $329 billion, Brazil's $167 billion, Indonesia $135 billion, Japan's $91 billion, Russia's $69 billion, Turkey's $69 billion, France's $65 billion and Pakistan's $52 billion.

Ahmed said...


Dear Sir Riaz

Thank you for sharing such useful information about the agricultural products of Pakistan. It is true that mashallah ,Pakistan is one of the largest producers of milk in the world. But Sir, according to my limited knowledge, hasn't the share or contribution of agricultural sector of Pakistan in the GDP(Gross Domestic Product) of the country has reduced ? As far as I remember ,the contribution or share of the agricultural sector of Pakistan in GDP(Gross Domestic Product) of the country was 21% before but now it has dropped to 18%.

Doesn't this shows that agricultural output of the country has reduced within last few years?

Sir, don't you think that a country like Pakistan which has huge land mass or size of land as compared to Turkey and France, should be having much more agricultural output instead of having just an agricultural output of worth US$ 52 billion? Pls note that Pakistan is the only country in the world which has largest cannal based irrigation system, we have 4 seasons , and during summer season, new crops are grown in the farms of Pakistan. So why inspite of having such great infrastructure of irrigation, and favorable climate and weather, still the agricultural output of Pakistan is only US$ 52 billion? Is water shortage the main reason for this?

What has the former political governments of Pakistan like PMLN and PPP done for agricultural sector of Pakistan ?

I hope my questions are clear

Regards,

Riaz Haq said...

Ahmad: "As far as I remember ,the contribution or share of the agricultural sector of Pakistan in GDP(Gross Domestic Product) of the country was 21% before but now it has dropped to 18%"

It's normal for developing countries to have their share of agriculture GDP decline as other sectors of the economy grow. For example, agriculture in India accounts for just 16% of GDP. China's agriculture output is just 10% of GDP. In US, it's less than 5% of GDP.

Riaz Haq said...

Pakistan produced in 2018:

67.1 million tons of sugarcane/ 5 million tons of sugar (5th largest producer in the world, behind Brazil, India, China and Thailand);
25.0 million tons of wheat (7th largest producer in the world);
10.8 million tons of rice (10th largest producer in the world);
6.3 million tons of maize (20th largest producer in the world);
4.8 million tons of cotton (5th largest producer in the world);
4.6 million tonnes of potato (18th largest producer in the world);
2.3 million tonnes of mango (including mangosteen and guava) (5th largest producer in the world, only behind India, China, Thailand and Indonesia);
2.1 million tons of onion (6th largest producer in the world);
1.6 million tons of orange (12th largest producer in the world);
593 thousand tons of tangerine;
550 thousand tons of tomatoes;
545 thousand tons of apple;
540 thousand tons of watermelon;
501 thousand tons of carrot;
471 thousand tons of date (6th largest producer in the world);