Saturday, September 1, 2018

Can PTI Help Fix Pakistan's Financial Capital Karachi's Problems?

What are the biggest problems in Karachi's governance? What must the government do improve water, sanitation, transport and infrastructure issues faced by the megacity's population?



Should Karachi be a separate province? Should the local bodies law be changed to devolve power and allocate greater resources to the municipal governments in Sindh?

Water and Sanitation Spending in Karachi. Source: World Bank

What have other nations done to deliver better municipal services to their citizens? Can Pakistan learn from others' experience?  How can big cities like Karachi finance, build and manage the infrastructure needed to deliver better services?

What can the incoming PTI leadership in Islamabad do to help Karachi-ites in spite the limitations of the 18th Amendment?

Azad Labon Ke Sath host Faraz Darvesh discusses these questions with Sabahat Ashraf and Riaz Haq

https://youtu.be/qo6dJ05VpFs




Related Links:

Haq's Musings

South Asia Investor Review

Karachi's Safety Ranking Improves Amid Declining Crime Rates

Gangs of Karachi

Gangster Politicians of Karachi

Karachi is World's Fastest Growing Megacity

Karachi's Human Development Index

Pakistan Rising or Failing: Reality vs Perception

Pakistan's Trillion Dollar Economy Among top 25

MQM-RAW Link

Riaz Haq Youtube Channel

VPOS Youtube Channel

2 comments:

Riaz Haq said...

Transforming Karachi into a Livable
and Competitive Megacity
A City Diagnostic and Transformation Strategy

Over the past 10 years, capital expenditures in the water and sanitation sector
totaled over US$65 million. The vast majority of this investment was undertaken
with the support of the provincial and federal governments. The amount of
investment has been decreasing since 2008 (figure 3.6). The investment level is
insufficient to close the current gap in terms of access and quality and to keeping
pace with growing demand and service targets.
Additionally, the actual investment amount is far from the estimated investment
requirements for water supply to ensure universal access to safe and affordable
drinking water by 2030, one of the Sustainable Development Goals. In
2007, the JICA WSS Master Plan for Karachi estimated the total investment
needs for both WSS at US$2.6 billion (2008–25).
Karachi’s water and sewerage crisis is foremost a governance and institutional
one. Without a viable governance framework that clearly delineates the appropriate
roles and responsibilities of relevant stakeholders in policy making, service
delivery, and regulation, the long-term effects of technical, financial, or internal


----------------

Water supply in Karachi is highly irregular and inequitable. Data show that
access to improved water sources has declined in the past 10 years in Karachi,
slipping from 90 percent coverage of the population in 2006–07 to 86 percent
in 2014–15 (figure 3.3). Further, rationing of water supply is widespread in
most places, particularly in poor neighborhoods. More than 50 percent of
Karachi’s population lives in informal settlements, and most of them face
severe shortages of water and a lack of proper sewerage systems (ADB 2007).
Water availability often ranges from two hours every two days to four hours
per day at very low pressure. Due to the lack of alternatives—as groundwater
is brackish and KWSB is the only service provider—many households also rely

http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/503701519291571040/pdf/123628-PUB-PUBLIC-date-02-20-2018.pdf

Riaz Haq said...

Sindh govt join hands with World Bank on various projects worth $10bn

https://www.pakistantoday.com.pk/2018/10/02/sindh-govt-join-hands-with-world-bank-on-various-projects-worth-10bn/

Chief Minister Murad Ali Shah said that his government’s policy is very clear. He is working for transforming governance economic growth, sustainable development and human capital development. “I am committed to achieving these goals through accountability to the core of government, encouragement of economic growth, liberalisation of the agriculture sector and through strengthening population management and early childhood development,” he said.

Several projects including Karachi Neighbourhood Improvement project worth $86 million, in which the provincial government has to put in $14 million to start the project, Karachi Urban Management (KUM), a $200 million project, Karachi Urban Mobility project worth $400 million, Karachi Water and Sewerage project worth $640 million also came under discussion. These three projects had needed some provincial government approvals and to finalise investment plan to start the project.



KARACHI URBAN MANAGEMENT PROJECT:

The World Bank has proposed $200 million for Karachi Urban Management Project. The chief minister said that the objective of the project is to enhance urban management service delivery of Karachi Metropolitan Corporation and other districts metropolitan corporation (DMCs).

The proposal is to provide performance-linked block grants to six DMCs and KMC for local level infrastructure and municipal services. A capital development grant was proposed for KMC for flood management and rehabilitation of urban drainage infrastructure.

The chief minister directed P&D Chairman Mohammad Waseem to call a joint meeting of local bodies and secretary local government to finalise the KUM Project so that necessary recommendation could be firm up for final approval.

KARACHI URBAN MOBILITY PROJECT:

The World Bank proposed $400 million for Karachi Urban Mobility. The project is aimed at improving urban mobility, accessibility and road safety in Karachi. Under the project, the WB would construct Yellow Line corridor, including the development of infrastructure rehabilitation and BRTs construction system.

The chief minister approved the project and directed P&D chairman and Transport secretary to move forward with the project by completing all the required formalities and also sends the concept paper to Economic Affairs Division.

SINDH WATER & AGRICULTURE TRANSFORMATION & RESILIENCE PROJECT:

The goal of Sindh Water & Agriculture Transformation & Climate Resilience project is transforming water management and agriculture production towards higher levels of water productivity and improve climate resilience. The WB has proposed $300 million and the provincial government share would be $150 million.

Sindh Chief Minister Murad Ali Shah said that under project rehabilitation of canal system on the right of Dadu and Rice Canal and on the left bank of Akram wah, Ghotki Feeder and the Fulleli system would be made. He also added that under the project advance irrigation reforms have been proposed and masterplans for the monitoring system of right bank barrages would also be evolved.

TRANSFORMATION AND REVITALISATION OF THE FISHERIES SECTOR PROJECT:

Transformation and Revitalisation of the Fisheries Sectors (TRFS) will cost about Rs150 million. The chief minister said that the goal of the project was to transform and revitalize fisheries and aquaculture by improving management, competitiveness and community.

The project would introduce sustainable management systems, including spatial planning, vessel registration and licensing and data management. The chief minister said that under the project private sector participation would be incentivized and would build value chains. He added that the project also aims at improving nutritional food security and livelihoods for women and families and strengthening institutions.