Saturday, October 28, 2017

Kashmiris Observe Black Day While India Promotes Half Truths on UNSC Resolutions

The people of Indian occupied Kashmir (IOK) observed Black Day on the 70th anniversary of India's brutal Army occupation, yesterday, the 27th of October 2017. This comes amid continuing attempts by India and its supporters, including Professor Christine Fair, to justify Indian occupation with half truths about UN Security Council Resolutions calling on India to let the Kashmiris decide their future through a plebiscite.

Indians allege that Pakistan violated the UNSC Resolution 47 (1948) calling for a plebiscite by refusing to withdraw its military from the territory of the state. What they don't acknowledge is that it was superseded by UNSC Resolution 80 (1950) that called for progressive demilitarization on both sides of the ceasefire line to limit the deployment of the number of Indian and Pakistani troops as determined by the United Nations Commission for India and Pakistan.

Here's an excerpt of UNSC Resolution 80 passed in March, 1950:

"Calls upon the Governments of India and Pakistan to make immediate arrangements, without prejudice to their rights or claims and with due regard to the requirements of law and order, to prepare and execute within a period of five months from the date of this resolution a programme of demilitarisation on the basis of the principles of paragraph 2 of General McNaughton proposal or of such modifications of those principles as may be mutually agreed"

Here's the text of paragraph 2 of General McNaughton's proposal to UNSC:

"There should be an agreed programme of progressive demilitarisation, the basic principle of which should be the reduction of armed forces on either side of the Cease-Fire Line by withdrawal, disbandment and disarmament in such stages as not to cause fear at any point of time to the people on either side of the Cease-Fire Line. The aim should be to reduce the armed personnel in the State of Jammu and Kashmir on both side of the Cease-Fire Line to the minimum compatible with the maintenance of security and of local law and order, and to a level sufficiently low and with the forces so disposed that they will not constitute a restriction on the free expression of opinion for the purposes of the plebiscite."

On the "Northern Areas" through which China-Pakistan Economic Corridor passes, the Norton proposal referred to by UNSC Resolution 80 gives Pakistani authorities the right to administer it until there is a plebiscite under UN supervision. It ays as follows:

"The "Northern Area" (including Gilgit-Baltistan region through which CPEC asses) should also be included in the above programme of demilitarisation, and its administration should, subject to United Nations supervision, be continued by the existing local authorities (Pakistani authorities)."

In a book titled "United Nations Security Council and War: The Evolution of Thought and Practice since 1945", authors Vaughan Lowe, Adam Roberts, Jennifer Welsh and Dominik Zaum explain it as follows:

"(After passing UNSC Resolution 80 of March 14, 1950, calling for progressive demilitarization based on reduction of forces on either side of the CFL) UN Representative Frank P. Graham proposed a twelve point demilitarization plan on 4 September 1952. However, there was disagreement over the specific number of forces to remain on each side of CFL (Ceasefire Line) at the end of the period of demilitarization--between 3,000 and 6,000 on the Pakistan side and 12,000-18,000 on the Indian side. The subsequent proposals on demilitarization by Swedish diplomat Gunnar Jarring also came to naught. At the same time, India began to harden its position on the UN-supervised plebiscite which it had committed to following the withdrawal of Pakistani forces from the Pakistani side of the CFL "

It's clear from the details described above of what transpired after UNSC Resolution 80 that "India began to harden its position on the UN-supervised plebiscite which it had committed to following the withdrawal of Pakistani forces from the Pakistani side of the CFL (Ceasefire Line)".

India's brutal military occupation of Kashmir today is not only illegal but also immoral. It violates multiple UNSC resolutions on Kashmir and makes a mockery of the pledge made by one of India's founding fathers and first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru to the people of Kashmir and to the world.

Here's Indian Jawaharlal University telling students in Delhi that Jammu and Kashmir are legally not part of India:

"Everyone knows that India is illegally occupying Kashmir. It is said the world over. Everybody accepts (it)....The map of India in foreign publications like Time and Newsweek show a different map of Kashmir. These copies of the magazines always create a lot of controversies and are censored and destroyed. When the whole world is talking about India's illegal occupation of Kashmir, then we should think the pro-azaadi (pro freedom) slogans in the valley are justified"

Related Links:

Haq's Musings

Christine Fair: Unfair? Unhinged?

700,000 Indian Soldiers vs 10 Million Kashmiris

What if Modi Attacks Pakistan?

1965 India-Pakistan War

2016 Kashmir Uprising

Kashmir in Context

Arundhati Roy on Indian Military Occupation of Kashmir

JNU Anti-Modi Protests


Sushil said...

Jammu & Kashmir is and will ALWAYS be a integral part of India. Nothing will ever change that.

Riaz Haq said...

Sushil: "Jammu & Kashmir is and will ALWAYS be a integral part of India."

I'm shocked by such total disregard for the pledge made to the people of Kashmir and to the world by one of your founding fathers and first prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru! It's so shameless!!

You and the world may have forgotten Nehru's pledge but the people of Kashmir have not. A new generation of Kashmiris is now rising up against India's illegal, immoral and brutal military occupation of large parts of Jammu and Kashmir. They are in no mood to give up their legitimate fight for freedom.

Watch and listen to India's conscience Arundhati Roy and JNU Professor Nivedita Menon:

Delhi's Jawaharlal University Professor Menon: "Everyone knows that India is illegally occupying Kashmir. It is said the world over. Everybody accepts (it)....The map of India in foreign publications like Time and Newsweek show a different map of Kashmir. These copies of the magazines always create a lot of controversies and are censored and destroyed. When the whole world is talking about India's illegal occupation of Kashmir, then we should think the pro-azaadi (pro freedom) slogans in the valley are justified"

Anonymous said...

Anonymous Sushil said...
Jammu & Kashmir is and will ALWAYS be a integral part of India. Nothing will ever change that.

It is amazing that Indians uses the same rhetoric that the colonial powers of the past used.

Kashmir is an integral part of India, just like India was an "integral part" of the British Empire, we know what happened to that.

What will happen to the Kashmiri Pundits? What will happen to the Algerian born French if Algeria gains independence?


G. Ali

Chanderhaas said...

Pakistan in trying to snatch Kashmir has lost East Pakistan. Furthermore it has "gained" a jihadi infrastructure that is biting its own master. Lastly, it has lost face internationally and that 'all weather friend' will look the other way just as it did in all the previous wars with India.
Action speak louder than words I am sorry to say G Ali

Anonymous said...


Please get out of the time trap. This is not 1971 nor is it 2015. This 2017, the all weather friend has too much invested in the country.

Second, Pakistan may have invited Kashmiris but now their Independence movement is self driven, the slogan of Azadi is quite unanimous now.

Third, Pakistan didn't game n jihadis but supporting Kashmiris but by supporting Afghans against Soviets, a little lesson in history from an unbiased source might be good for your mental health.

BTW, it was India that introduced terrorism in South Asia by supporting mukti bahini, Shanti bahini, LTTE etc. With you guys it is always an issue when you are the victims but it is Ok when you are the perputrators.


Nitin B said...

@G Ali
If that is how Pakistanis think it is easy to understand why Pakistan has a credibility problem internationally. The very definition of terrorism is different in Pakistan. I would advise to revisit the US Government definition which is accepted generally accepted by most countries.

The U.S. Code of Federal Regulations defines terrorism as "the unlawful use of force and violence against persons or property to intimidate or coerce a government, the civilian population, or any segment thereof, in furtherance of political or social objectives" (28 C.F.R.
Definitions of terrorism

Anonymous said...


History is not a static process, things change, opinions change and perceptions change with time. It doesn't matter what other think, what matters is what Pakistanis think of themselves.

I am not sure about your age but I have seen villans changing into heros and heros becoming vilans by international media. Pakistan's problem is more of economic, social and geographic nature than anything else. However, if we can overcome our economic vows, many other problems will be solved.

G. Ali

Riaz Haq said...

#India ordered to probe 2,080 mass graves in #Kashmir where thousands have disappeared @AJENews

Srinagar, Indian-administered Kashmir - The state-run human rights commission has told the government in Kashmir to investigate at least 2,080 unmarked mass graves discovered in border areas of the restive region.

The Association of Parents of Disappeared Persons (APDP), a human rights group in Kashmir, told the commission there were 3,844 unmarked graves - 2,717 in Poonch and 1,127 in Rajouri, twin districts in the region that lie along Line of Control (LoC) that divides the disputed territory between India and Pakistan.

In response, the commission acknowledged the presence of 2,080 unmarked graves and asked the government for a comprehensive investigation to be completed in six months, including DNA tests of the bodies to compare it with family members of the disappeared.

In 2011, the commission directed the government to investigate the mass graves. At the time, a special team from the commission said 2,730 unidentified bodies were buried in 38 sites across northern Kashmir.

"The commission has no hesitation to issue the same directions, which were already issued in the case," the recent order said.

Thousands disappeared
APDP maintains 8,000 people have disappeared in the decades-old conflict, and accuses government forces of staging gun battles to cover up killings.

The association welcomed the commission's latest demand to investigate mass graves in India's Jammu and Kashmir state.

"It is an acknowledgement from the institution that is run by the government. It provides further legal remedies for the family members of missing," Khurram Parvez from APDP told Al Jazeera.

"We have been demanding that there be an independent commission to do a credible probe on the mass graves."

Parvez said the probe might give an "answer" to families of disappeared who do not know whether their relatives are dead or alive.

"We have done a study of 53 cases for a report where the bodies were exhumed from unknown graves. It was found that 49 bodies in the graves were of civilians and one was a local militant, three bodies were unknown. These people were dubbed as foreign militants by the government," Parvez said.

Since 2011, instead of complying with directions from the human rights commission, the government continues to avoid such an investigation on the pretext it would lead to a "law and order problem" in Kashmir, APDP said in a statement.

The European Parliament adopted a resolution in July 2008 and called on India's government ensure independent and impartial investigations into all mass graves, APDP said.

Officials contacted by Al Jazeera declined to comment on Friday.

The state government has said most of the missing were likely Kashmiri youths who crossed into Pakistan for weapons training. Those comments have been dismissed by family members of the disappeared.

Riaz Haq said...

Excerpts of Nasim Zehra's "From Kargil to The Coup"

She quotes from Indian historian A.G. Noorani's "Bilateral Negotiations on Kashmir: Unlearned Lessons":

"Nehru and Vallabhai Patel, the deputy prime minister and the one appointed by Nehru to formulate the strategy to deal with the princely states, were fast sewing up arrangements for Kashmir's accession to India even before Sheikh Abdullah's release from prison on 29 September 1947 and well before the tribesmen from Pakistan entered Kashmir on 21 October".

Elaborating on this point, Noorani writes that earlier, on 28 May 1947, Patel had said, " Kashmir remains within the Indian Union even if a division of India and partition of Punjab takes place". Subsequently, on 3 July 1947, he wrote to the Jammu and Kashmir Prime Minister, Ram Chandra Kak, "I realize the peculiar difficulties of Kashmir, but looking to its history and traditions it has, in my opinion, no other choice but to accede to India."

Nehru, too, was single-minded on accession of Kashmir to India. Even to his friend and India's High Commissioner to Pakistan, Sri Prakash, Nehru had admitted on 25 December 1947, "The fact is that Kashmir of of the most vital significance to India as well as to Pakistan. There lies the rub". He added: "Kashmir is going to be a drain on our resources but it is going to be a greater drain on Pakistan. In a military sense, we are stronger". Equally, Nehru's 21 November 1947 exchange with Sheikh Abdullah lays bare the Indian prime minister's true thinking on the accession issue: "Referendum and plebiscite are ill-advised but must only tactically supported to avoid world criticism; that referendum is merely an academic issue and that after all for the Kashmiris, likely to be defeated in their "little war" against the State and the Indian forces, it should be absurd to want a referendum".

samir sardana said...

Y the evisceral hate of the Kashmiris by the Hindoos ? They are not Indians by DNA,Race or Religion.

Is it the white skin complex or the fact that the ancestors of the Kashmiris pillaged
Hindoosthan and also raped/ravished Hindoo women and destroyed Satanic Hindoo Temples and Idols ?

What is wrong with destroying Hindoo Temples and Idols or bombing them ? It was done by
Moses,Abraham,Jesus,John the Baptist,Prophet of Islam,Gobind Singh etc.Ghazni and his tribes just followed the path of the prophets ! dindooohindoo

And what is wrong with raping Hindoo women (wives of Brahmins/Banias etc.)? Hindoo Gods raped Hindoo women and wives f Brahmins all the time ! In reality - the Mughals fertilised the Indian race and created a new race - one which the Indians consider to be a martial hindoo race.

Y is there a lack of intellectual defense among Islamists of the so called ravishing of the Hindoo Frigid Vaginas by the Mongols, Afghans and Mughals ?

It is what they deserved ! The Hindoo Gods created Brahmins just to rape their wives ! The best practice model was that the Brahmin used to meditate in the forests and be celibates - inspite of having beautiful wives !

The vile of the Brahmin was that he used his wife as bait to tempt the Gods to rape his wife - and then cursed the Gods - with a pardon contingent upon on a boon of writing some scriptures and limited morrtality !

Is there more evil in this cosmos ? The Empirical and Theological proof is given below :

Sage Atri - As Shiva,Indra and Vishnu , "raped his wife Anasuya"
Sage Gautama - As Indra "raped his wife Ahilya", by stealth he said the following from the Skanda PuranaV.iii.136.2-16
O beautiful la dy of uncensured features, resort to me, the king of Devas, "Sport about with me".
What will you do with this Brahmana "who has become lean and emaciated", due to his "over- zealousness for purity and conventional rites and austerities" and Vedic studies
Lord Rama's father - His wife had "sex with a horse and 11 Brahmins", to make Lord Rama
Lord Rama's Story - "Vishnu raped Tulsi/Vrinda", as her husband , was a Brahmin - then the "whore cursed Vishnu" to be "born as Rama" and have "his wife raped by Ravana" - all "due to the impotentica of 1 Brahmin"
What did the Aswins say before they raped the Brahmin Sukanya
Mahabharata 3.123
"O divinely beautiful damsel, do thou, forsaking Chyavana accept one of us for husband. It behoveth thee not to spend thy youth fruitlessly…”
Ved Vyas ,who wrote the Mahabharata, was the "bastard son", of Rishi Parashar and Satyawa
As per the Harivamsa Purana,Sage Vashishtha’s daughter , Shatrupa had sexual relations with Daddy Cool

It is the cosmic wheel of providence as nothing can happen which Allah does not will

Riaz Haq said...

The Kashmir Files: Israeli director sparks outrage in India over ‘vulgar movie’ remarks
Nadav Lapid, chair of the International film festival India, spoke out against work that critics say is anti-Muslim propaganda

Speaking at the closing ceremony of the film festival, Lapid said he and other jury members had been “shocked and disturbed” that the film had been given a platform. The Kashmir Files, said Lapid, was “a propaganda, vulgar movie, inappropriate for an artistic competitive section of such a prestigious film festival”.
Lapid, who has taken an anti-establishment stance against rightwing elements in his home of Israel, is not alone in expressing concern over The Kashmir Files. Cinemagoers have started anti-Muslim chants at screenings and it has been accused of stirring up communal violence. In May, Singapore banned the film over its “potential to cause enmity between different communities”.

Vivek Agnihotri, the film’s director, said on Monday that “terror supporters and genocide deniers can never silence me”.

He added: “I challenge all the intellectuals in this world and this great film-maker from Israel to find one frame, one dialogue or an event in The Kashmir Files that is not true.”

A row has erupted in India after an Israeli director described a controversial film about Kashmir as propaganda and a “vulgar movie”, prompting the Israeli ambassador to issue an apology.

Nadav Lapid, who was chair of this year’s panel of the international film festival of India (IFFI), spoke out against the inclusion of The Kashmir Files at the event.

The film, released in March to popular box office success, is largely set in the late 1980s and early 1990s, when attacks and threats by militants led to most Kashmiri Hindus fleeing from the region, where the majority of the population are Muslim.

Many film critics, Kashmiri Muslims and others, have described it as propaganda that inflames hatred against Muslims and distorts events to suit an anti-Muslim agenda.

However, the film has received a ringing endorsement from the highest levels of the Indian government, ruled by the Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata party (BJP), who have also been accused of pursuing an anti-Muslim agenda. The prime minister, Narendra Modi, has praised the film, congratulating its makers for having “the guts to portray the truth” and it was the second highest-grossing film in India this year.


Lapid said his comments were made in the spirit of “critical discussion, which is essential for art and life”, adding he was sure they could be accepted graciously by the festival and audience as such. But his critique caused outrage.

Amit Malviya, a senior BJP leader, compared his remarks to denial of the Holocaust. “For the longest time, people even denied the Holocaust and called Schindler’s List propaganda, just like some are doing to Kashmir Files,” he said.

In Goa, where the festival took place, a complaint was filed to police against Lapid, accusing him of “instigating enmity between groups”.

Fellow jurors at the film festival, which is sponsored by the Indian government, quickly distanced themselves from his comments, stating that they reflected his opinion and not that of the panel. Film-maker Sudipto Sen, who was on the panel, said: “We don’t indulge in any kind of political comments on any film.”

Some of the harshest criticism came from Israel’s ambassador to India, Naor Gilon, who told Lapid he should be “ashamed” of his comments and that it was “insensitive and presumptuous” to speak on a subject that has political and religious ramifications in India. Gilon said he “unequivocally condemned” the statements.

Riaz Haq said...

India trying to prevent declassification of ‘sensitive’ 1947 Kashmir papers

India may prevent the declassification of papers from 1947 related to Kashmir as it fears the “sensitive” letters could affect foreign relations, according to internal government documents seen by the Guardian.

The letters, known as the Bucher papers, are believed to include political and military arguments for why India’s first prime minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, called for a ceasefire with Pakistan and provided special status to the state of Jammu and Kashmir.

For decades the region in the foothills of the Himalayas was given a separate constitution, a flag, and autonomy over all matters except for foreign affairs and defence. Those measures were seen by Kashmiris as crucial to protecting their rights in the Muslim-majority state.

But in 2019, under the Hindu nationalist prime minister, Narendra Modi, the government in Delhi formally revoked the disputed state’s constitutional autonomy, in an attempt to integrate it fully into India.

The decision tightened the government’s grip over the region and stoked anger and resentment as a three-decade armed revolt continued to rage.

The Bucher papers refer to communications between Gen Sir Francis Robert Roy Bucher, who served as second commander-in-chief of the Indian army between 1948 and 1949, and government officials, including Nehru.

Over the years, several attempts have been made by activists to declassify the papers to throw light on the reasoning for article 370, which gave Jammu and Kashmir its special status.

A recent foreign ministry document seen by the Guardian said the contents of the papers should not be declassified yet. The papers contain “military operational matters in Kashmir and correspondences amongst senior government leaders on sensitive political matters on Kashmir”, the document said.

The papers have been kept at the Nehru Memorial Museum and Library, an autonomous body under India’s culture ministry.

According to a source with knowledge of the matter, they reveal that Nehru was aware and informed of the military development in Kashmir, including Pakistan’s attempts to use external military assistance to escalate the situation.

Riaz Haq said...

India trying to prevent declassification of ‘sensitive’ 1947 Kashmir papers

“Roy Bucher suggested a political approach to solve the escalating situation given military fatigue faced by Indian troops due to 13 months of military deployment, including taking the matter before the United Nations,” the source said.

That advice may have influenced Nehru’s decision to grant Kashmir special status. In 1952, the prime minister argued that the aspirations of the people of Kashmir should be respected. “I want to stress that it is only the people of Kashmir who can decide the future of Kashmir,” he told India’s parliament. “We are not going to impose ourselves on them on the point of the bayonet.”

The Bucher papers were handed over by India’s external affairs ministry to the Nehru museum and library in New Delhi in 1970, with a note saying they should be kept “classified”. They have remained in the library’s closed collection since then, the foreign ministry document said.

An Indian activist, Venkatesh Nayak, has filed multiple appeals to declassify the papers, a move that was initially rejected. However, in 2021 the Indian information commissioner ruled it was in the “national interest” but fell short of ordering the disclosure of the crucial documents. The order advised that the library may seek the foreign ministry’s permission to declassify the papers for academic research.

In a letter dated 12 October 2022 that has been reviewed by the Guardian, the chair of the museum and library, Nripendra Misra, wrote to India’s foreign secretary arguing the papers “are very important for scholarly research” and requested declassification.

“We have read the contents of the Bucher papers. Our view is that the papers need not remain ‘classified’ beyond the reach of academicians. We are opening papers of other important public figures also,” Misra argued.

India typically allows the declassification of archival documents after 25 years.

The foreign ministry argued in the document that the disclosure of the papers should be put in “abeyance” for the time being and advised that the “sensitivity of Roy Bucher papers and the likely implications of their disclosure” should be examined further.

Sources say the government has yet to take a final decision on the matter.

The Guardian has contacted the Indian foreign ministry and the Nehru Memorial Museum and Library for a response.

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