Saturday, January 26, 2019

Part 2: History of Top Leadership Blunders in Pakistan

What are the key sources of the current crises faced by Pakistan? Can any of these be traced to blunders committed years ago by Pakistani leaders? Here's part 2 of the discussion started earlier.

Was it a blunder for General Zia to join the United States and Saudi Arabia in support of the Afghan Jihad against the Soviet Union in 1980s?  Did it help achieve Pakistan's objective of weakening the Pashtun Nationalists led by Abdul Ghaffar Khan's son Abdul Wali Khan who opposed the creation of Pakistan?  What if Pakistan had not supported the Afghan Resistance in 1980s? Did it promote militarization of religious fanatics in Pakistan? Was it a mistake for Benazir Bhutto to give birth to the Taliban?

Was General Musharraf's seizure of Kargil heights in 1999 in Kashmir a blunder? How was it different from India's seizure of Siachen Glacier from Pakistan in 1984? If these were similar actions, why was India's and the world's reaction so different?  Coming soon after Indian Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee's Lahore visit and the signing of the Lahore Declaration, how did Kargil change the course of India-Pakistan history?

Did Kargil lead to the 1999 Coup against Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif?  Did Sharif err by firing General Musharraf while he was representing Pakistan overseas and then denying landing permission to  the PIA commercial flight brining General Musharraf home?  Was the coup staged by General Pervez Musharraf or the Pakistan Army Corps Commanders while he was still in the air? Did Nawaz Sharif's failure to manage civil-military relations contribute to his problems and the coup?

Did Musharraf blunder by siding with the United States after Sept 11, 2001 terror attacks in America? What was the alternative? How would the US react if Musharraf had refused to cooperate? Would the porous Afghan-Pakistan border allow Pakistan to be a silent observer?

Azad Labon Ke Sath host Faraz Darvesh discusses these questions with panelists Misbah Azam and Riaz Haq (www.riazhaq.com)

https://youtu.be/grLQJa-QygA




Related Links:

Haq's Musings

South Asia Investor Review

US Aid to Pakistan

1971 Debacle in East Pakistan

Is it 1971 Moment in Pakistan's History?

Mission RAW by RK Yadav: India in East Pakistan

Benazir Bhutto Gave Birth to Taliban

What if Musharraf Had Said No to US After 911?

Riaz Haq Youtube Channel

VPOS Youtube Channel

3 comments:

Anonymous said...

1965 war..?

The negative was wrecking the economy and ensuring screwing Pakistan became top priority for India leading to 1971..

The objective of liberating Kashmir failed.

Anonymous said...

Yup correct while not friendly India clearly and correctly had other priorities 1949-1964 was spent on institution building and heavy industrial and higher education building..but then Nehru was in a different league to those that came after Jinnah..

Ravi Krishna said...


"Was General Musharraf's seizure of Kargil heights in 1999 in Kashmir a blunder? How was it different from India's seizure of Siachen Glacier from Pakistan in 1984? If these were similar actions, why was India's and the world's reaction so different? "


1984 - At that time there was no clear demarcation or LOC around Siachen area. The last post managed by Ind and Pak were far apart, leaving Siachen as some sort of a buffer zone. India was not the only country planning to take over Siachen. Pak too was planning to do the same. As India placed an order with a British firm for high altitude gear, some alert Indian in that British firm noticed that Pak also has placed the same order. He notified Indian authorities. Some money changed hands and Indian army got the gear first. The loss of Siachen was so embarrassing for Pak and Zia in particular that they never acknowledged it in public. This is the same reason for not acking Uri surgical strike in 2016.

1999 - When Pakistanis stole Siachen, there was a LOC in that area and India had full locus-standi to publicize it and go for war and take it back. Granted LOC is not international border, but it has enough sanctity for a country to take military action if it is violated.

Do you now understand the difference between 1984 and 1999? I still doubt it since you are not a bright person.