Sunday, June 3, 2018

Pakistan Among World's Top 10 Tax Losing Countries

Pakistan ranks among the top 10 countries in terms of tax revenue losses due to corporate tax avoidance, according to UN World Institute for Development Economics.  World Economic Forum estimates that the country lost $10.4 billion in taxes last year.




Top 10 Tax Losers:

The top 10 countries losing the most tax revenue in absolute terms as listed by the World Economic Forum are USA ($188.8 billion), China ($66.8 billion), Japan ($46.1 billion), India ($41.2 billion), Argentina ($21.4 billion), France ($19.8 billion), Germany ($15 billion), Pakistan ($10.4 billion), Indonesia ($6.5 billion) and the Philippines ($6.4 billion).



Pakistan and Argentina top this list of 10 in terms of tax revenue lost as percentage of GDP.  Both lose 3.5% of their GDP in corporate tax avoidance, according to World Economic Forum.

Tax Evasion at the Top:

Tax evasion in Pakistan starts at the top. A large number politicians, including ministers and party leaders in the nation's parliament, do not bother to file tax returns or pay taxes.

A study by the Center for Investigative Reporting in Pakistan (CIRP) identified 461 members in national and provincial assemblies who did not pay income taxes in 2015. This figure includes ministers and other prominent political leaders. Federal Board of Revenue found that many of the 550 lawmakers (54%) falsely claimed they paid taxes.

Elections Act 2017:

Whatever little accountability that exists is now being eroded by Elections Act 2017. 

The nomination forms of candidates for national and provincial assemblies in Pakistan have been redesigned this year to remove all questions on assets, income taxes paid or owed, bank loan defaults, foreign residency (iqama) and  educational qualifications.  This was done based on Pakistan Elections Act 2017 that became law on October 2, 2017 in the wake of several disqualifications from holding office or being a legislator. 

Many legislators from across the political spectrum have  been caught lying on their nomination forms filed in prior elections. Some have been disqualified for false financial declarations while others have been removed for lying about their foreign residency visas (iqama), dual nationality or education. 

Impact on National Development: 

Tax evasion in Pakistan exacerbates budget deficits and forces the government to borrow heavily. It also impacts critical spending on education, health and infrastructure. The result is slow economic growth and persistence of poor socioeconomic indicators. 

Summary:

Pakistan's tax revenue loss of $10.4 billion is ranked among the world's top 10 countries losing tax revenue. Losses of 3.5% of GDP in taxes put Pakistan at number 1 among these countries. Legislators, including government ministers, are among the most prominent tax evaders in the country. Elections Act 2017 limiting financial transparency makes it more difficult to hold the politicians accountable for tax evasion and other financial malfeasance. These developments don't augur well for development or democracy in the country. 

Here's World Economic Forum video on tax evasion:

https://youtu.be/Xe-GSM1k9Ag




  

3 comments:

Azad said...

30% Sales tax on all eatable goods (Food , Sugar Drinks)
30% Sales tax on all services (Electricity, Water, Phone, Cell Phone, Education)
30% Sales tax on electronics (Washing Machine, Laptop, Computers, Toasters, Oven, TV)
30% Sales tax on all licences (Car , Truck , Number plate , Practitioner )
30% Sales tax on Plane Tickets
30% Sales tax on Cosmetics
50% Sales tax on fuel (Walk more , Bicycle more , take bus, share ride)
50% Sales tax on Textiles (Spend less on clothes)
100% Sales tax on Foreign Franchises (Mcdonalds, Pizza hut, Pepsi, Coke)
30% Sales tax on Qurbani Baqra / Cow / Lamb per animal or you can donate hide of animal
to government of Pakistani Hide collection Project

Charged from Distributor of goods not small merchants, distributors who sell wholesale goods. Distributor has to collect this extra 30% sales tax and deposit it National Bank Account for Federal Government


Individual Person Tax (Income tax Abolished)
Income Tax is not due for individual

Company Tax (Maintain 10%)
Corporate Companies have to pay tax who hire workers/employees

Transport People (Taxi / Bus / Rickshaw / Truck) (Income tax Abolished)
Just have to maintain a monthly permit government sets the price you maintain it to drive taxi on road, you can pay the small sum any bank with your NADRA card

Riaz Haq said...

Azad: "30% Sales tax on all eatable goods (Food , Sugar Drinks)
30% Sales tax on all services (Electricity, Water, Phone, Cell Phone, Education)
30% Sales tax on electronics (Washing Machine, Laptop, Computers, Toasters, Oven, TV)"


What you refer to are indirect taxes which unfairly burden the poor. It's a regressive tax system that favors the rich.

Very few individuals and corporations pay direct taxes like the income or property taxes.

Anonymous said...

Pakistan tax to GDP ratio ⬆️
2013: 8.7%
2018: 12.4%