Saturday, July 8, 2017

Harvard Kennedy School CID Projects Pakistan GDP Growth to Average 5.97% Till 2025

In its latest economic growth projections, Kennedy School's Center for International Development (CID) at Harvard University expects Pakistan's annual GDP growth to average 5.97% over the next 8 years, ranking it as the world's 6th fastest growing economy.

Growth Projections. Source: HKS CID Report

The Harvard growth projections are a bit more optimistic that other short, medium and long-term GDP growth forecasts for Pakistan offered by HSBC's 5% through 2050,   IMF's 5.5% till 2020, World Bank's 5.8% until 2019 and  The Economist EIU's 5.7% in 2017

Among the top 10 fastest growing economies, the CID projects Uganda to grow the fastest at 7.73%, followed by India 7.72%, Tanzania 6.66%, Senegal 6.49%, Madagascar 6.07%, Kenya 5.98%, Pakistan 5.97%, Indonesia 5.82%, Mali 5.75%, Turkey 5.64% and Philippines 5.43%.

Among Pakistan's other neighbors,  China is forecast to grow at 4.41%, Sri Lanka at 3.77% and Bangladesh at 2.82%.

Pakistan 2017 PPP GDP $1.06 Trillion Source:  IMF

CID also released new country rankings of the 2015 Economic Complexity Index (ECI), the measure that forms the basis for much of the growth projections. It ranks Pakistan at 99 for economic complexity.

Economic Coplexity. Source: HKS CID Report

The complexity of an economy is related to the multiplicity of useful knowledge embedded in it, according to OECD.  Because individuals are limited in what they know, the only way societies can expand their knowledge base is by facilitating the interaction of individuals in increasingly complex networks in order to make products. We can measure economic complexity by the mix of these products that countries are able to make.

The countries that show the fastest declines in the complexity rankings in the decade ending in 2015 nearly all have had policy regimes that have been adversarial to the accumulation of productive knowhow, with the largest declines in Cuba (-50), Venezuela (-44), Zimbabwe (-23), Tajikistan (-22), Libya (-22), and Argentina (-18). Globally, the fastest risers in complexity in 2015 have been the Philippines, Malawi (+26 to 94th), Uganda (+24 to 77th), Vietnam (+24 to 64th), and Cambodia (+16 to 88th).

The ECI finds the most complex countries in the world, as measured by the average complexity of their export basket, remain Japan, Switzerland, Germany, South Korea, and Austria. Of the 40 most complex countries, the biggest risers in the rankings for the decade ending in 2015 have been the Philippines (ECI rank: up 28 positions to rank 32nd globally), Thailand (+11 to 25th), China (+10 to 23rd), Lithuania (+9 to 30th), and South Korea (+8 to 4th). Conversely, the biggest losers have been Canada (-9 to 33rd), Serbia, Belarus, Spain (-6 to 29th), and France (-6 to 16th).

US-based consulting firm Deloitte and Touche estimates that China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) projects will create some 700,000 direct jobs during the period 2015–2030 and raise its GDP growth rate to 7.5%,  adding 2.5 percentage points to the country's current GDP growth rate of 5%.

An additional 1.4 million indirect jobs will be added in supply-chain and service sectors to support the projects.  An example of indirect jobs is the massive expansion in Pakistan's cement production that will increase annual production capacity from 45 million tons to 65 million tons, according to a tweet by Bloomberg's Faseeh Mangi. Other indirect jobs will be in sectors ranging from personal services to housing and transportation.

Improved security situation and rising investments, particularly the China Pakistan Economic Corridor or CPEC-related investments led by China, are helping accelerate the economic growth in the country.  It is the fear of CPEC's success that appears to be driving a growing campaign of fear, uncertainty and doubt (FUD) waged by Pakistan's detractors in South Asia region and around the world.

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Anonymous said...

Russia has received More infrastructure investment than Pakistan, that mean China is making Russia it's Colony(/Sarcasm)

Ahmad F. said...

There must be some mistake here, since they have got India growing much faster than Pakistan and China growing much slower than both.

Riaz Haq said...

Ahmad: "There must be some mistake here, since they have got India growing much faster than Pakistan and China growing much slower than both."

The fastest growing economies are mostly in Africa because of their low base. Pakistan is the 2nd fastest in Asia after India. China is getting too big to grow as fast as India or Pakistan

Riaz Haq said...

#China offers #Pakistan scientific labs, joint work on #climate, #energy #research … via @epakistantoday

China’s Minister for Science and Technology Dr Wan Gang along with Federal Minister for Science and Technology Rana Tanveer Hussain on Saturday called on President Mamnoon Hussain at the Aiwan-e-Sadr.

On the occasion, Dr Wan offered to cooperate in all sectors where Pakistan needed support including maritime industry, biodiversity, renewable energy, establishment of joint scientific labs for the young scientists and working together for the climate change for benefit of entire humanity.

Speaking with the delegation, President Mamnoon said that the use of modern technology in the CPEC-related energy projects would alleviate the energy crisis in Pakistan and play a key role in it’s long-term growth. He said that the bilateral cooperation in the field of science and technology was progressing well.

He hoped that the decisions taken during this visit would further enhance the cooperation in this important area. “We are also interested in benefitting from China’s ambitious China-South Asian Countries Science and Technology Partnership Programme (CSA-STEP) and enhance our economic cooperation through technology transfer,” he added.

He noted that with satisfaction that 17 protocols had been concluded so far in accordance with the Framework Agreement on Science and Technology, signed between the two countries in 1976 and the 18th Protocol was being signed during this visit. He said that Pakistan and China were strategic partners and good neighbours.

He said that the friendship with China was the cornerstone of their foreign policy and bilateral strategic partnership served as an anchor for regional peace and stability. He emphasised to maintain the momentum of high-level bilateral exchanges and enhance people-to-people interaction.

He underscored that the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) was the latest example of their excellent economic cooperation. Scientific knowledge and technology could bring value addition to the CPEC projects, he said, adding they were keen to incorporate this knowledge in industry for value addition of local raw materials and finished products.

The president said that Pakistan would continue to focus on further enhancing trade relations with China to bring them at par with bilateral political and strategic relations. Chinese Ambassador Sun Weidong and senior officials were also present in the meeting.

Riaz Haq said...

Fresh corporate investments (in India) grew at the slowest pace since 1992 in the 2016-17 financial year
Analysts said a poor demand in the economy and banks’ reluctance to lend to new projects had led to this decline.

Fresh investments by the corporate sector in the financial year 2016-17 grew at the slowest pace since 1992, Business Standard reported on Saturday. In FY 2017, the combined capital expenditure by the country’s top 1,000 non-financial firms, in terms of revenue, was up by just 5.8% – the previous low of capital expenditure growth was recorded in 1999.

Analysts said this decline was because of poor demand in the economy and banks’ reluctance to lend to new projects.

“It’s in line with a near – collapse in banks’ credit growth in the last fiscal year,” said G Chokkalingam, founder and managing director, Equinomics Research and Advisory. “Public sector banks have put a virtual freeze on fresh lending to risky projects, fearing bad loans hitting funding for large industrial projects.”

Fresh investments, worth Rs 2.07 lakh crore, by the top 1,000 companies in the last fiscal was down from Rs 2.9 lakh crore in FY16 and an all-time high of Rs 5.7 lakh crore in FY14.

The drought, led by domestic private companies, is in complete contrast to their past behavior, an analysis of a common sample of listed companies suggested. The capex growth registered by private sector companies is also the slowest in 12 years.

The incremental capex by listed private companies was Rs 2.15 lakh crore in 2016. It nearly halved to around Rs 1.1 lakh crore in the last financial year. The amount is a third of a record high reached in 2012 and the lowest in 10 years.

Riaz Haq said...

#Pakistan Sees Bigger #LNG Profile; Imports to Surge From 4.5 Million Tons in 2016 to 30 Million Tons by 2022

Pakistan says it could become one of the world's top-five buyers of liquefied natural gas (LNG), with Petroleum Minister Shahid Abbasi predicting imports could jump more than fivefold as private companies build new LNG terminals.

Outlining Pakistan's ambitious plans - which, if fully implemented, could shake up the global LNG market - Abbasi told Reuters that imports could top 30 million tonnes by 2022, up from just 4.5 million tonnes currently.

Cheaper than fuel oil and cleaner burning than coal, LNG suits emerging economies seeking to bridge electricity shortfalls and support growth on tight budgets.

(For a graphic on LNG market share by region click

"Within five years, I don't see any reason why we should not be beyond 30 million tonnes (in annual LNG imports). We will be one of the top five markets in the world," Abbasi said.

That kind of jump would represent one of the fastest growth stories in the energy industry, comparable to what China has done in many commodities - but there are doubts whether Pakistan can achieve its ambitions, given the complexity and cost of expansion projects.

"It's always possible, but seems very difficult as they will need much more (regasification) capacity and downstream pipeline capacity," said Trevor Sikorski at Energy Aspects, a London-based industry market researcher. "There are infrastructural issues and financial issues."

"Still, it is one of the key LNG growth markets, and its demand will help tighten up the market that has threatened to lurch into over supply."

Abbasi said no one took Pakistan seriously after a decade of botched attempts to bring LNG to the country, but this has changed with the construction of new LNG terminals and gas plants. He said foreign suppliers are now arriving in Pakistan - where energy shortages have prompted Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif to promise he'll end the country's frequent blackouts.

"Before, we used to go out to talk to LNG suppliers. Now they're coming to us," Abbasi said.

"(LNG) is really what has saved the whole energy system. It has been a huge success in Pakistan and it will continue," he said after Sharif on Friday inaugurated a new Chinese-built LNG power plant that uses General Electric turbines.


Pakistan built its first LNG terminal in 2015 and, after some delays, a second terminal is due to come online in October, doubling annual import capacity to about 9 million tonnes.

A consortium of Exxon Mobil, Total, Mitsubishi, Qatar Petroleum and Norway's Hoegh is expected to decide by September whether to build a third LNG terminal for about $700 million, Abbasi said.

Pakistan has dropped plans to finance up to two more terminals, as private companies have said they would finance these themselves and use Pakistan's existing gas network to sell directly to consumers.

"That's been the real success and that's where the growth will come from," Abbasi said, adding that about 10 million homes are linked to gas connections in Pakistan - a nation of around 200 million.

"In the last four years, we would have added two million additional connections. We are really ramping that up."

If Pakistan achieves its ambitious development goals, it could significantly erode market oversupply, which has helped pull down Asian LNG spot prices by more than 70 percent since 2014 to around $5 per million British thermal units (mmBtu).

Anonymous said...

Riaz, what could be the reason for Bangladesh's economy to grow at 2.82%. Other sources, primarily Bangladeshi and Indian sources predict that it would be over 7% by next fiscal year and most Bengali's seems to be very happy about this. Even IMF and WB projected same growth for them.

Riaz Haq said...

Anon: "what could be the reason for Bangladesh's economy to grow at 2.82%"

Harvard Kennedy CID projections are based on economic complexity on which Bangladesh ranks very low.

Currently, Bangladesh economy is very one-dimensional relying mainly on low-cost garment manufacturing that is driven by low wages. There's very little diversification on the horizon.

Take a look at the FT story below:

Bangladesh garment-making success prompts fears for wider economy

Warning dominance of sector hampers diversification and depresses wages

Bangladesh’s garment-making sector has rebounded so strongly following the Rana Plaza disaster that economists and labour leaders are warning it risks holding back the country’s economy as a whole.

Nearly four years after the collapse of a factory in Dhaka, the country’s capital, in which more than 1,100 garment workers were killed, western clothing companies are buying more from Bangladeshi factories than ever before.

But while the booming garment industry is contributing to an overall growth rate of 7 per cent, economists say it is suppressing wages and crowding out higher value sectors.

“There is no diversity in the economy,” warned Rashed al Mahmud Titumir, economics professor at Dhaka University. “Bangladesh has not been able to produce more lucrative products — there are barely any exports except ready-made garments.”

In the 1983-4 fiscal year, Bangladesh garment sales abroad made up 3.9 per cent of its total exports and were worth $31.6m, according to data from the Bangladesh Garment Manufacturers and Exporters Association. By 1989-1990 that had risen to 32 per cent, worth $624.2m. At the time of the Rana Plaza collapse — the country’s worst industrial disaster — garment exports had reached 80 per cent or $21.5bn. 

Despite the tragedy, the sector has continued to grow, hitting $28.1bn in the last financial year and accounting for 82 per cent of total exports.

Industry representatives say the continued growth is the result of the unprecedented action it took in the aftermath of the disaster, agreeing to independent safety checks and including workers and unions on inspection teams.

Riaz Haq said...

Moody Sees Strong #Economic Growth For #Pakistan on #China Links. #CPEC #Energy #Infrastructure #Economy

Moody's Investors Service has today affirmed Pakistan's B3 issuer and senior unsecured ratings, and maintained a stable outlook.

Pakistan's medium-term growth outlook is strong, Moody's said, supported by the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (Cpec) project" to address critical infrastructure constraints, and the continuing effects of macrostability-enhancing reforms started under the International Monetary Fund (IMF)'s Extended Fund Facility (EFF) program in 2013-16".

However, the agency added that government's debt burden is high and fiscal deficits remain relatively wide, driven by a narrow revenue base that also restricts development spending. "In addition, foreign exchange reserve adequacy, albeit stronger than a few years ago, would still be vulnerable to any significant increase in imports. Domestic politics and geopolitical risk also continue to represent a significant constraint on the rating."

Concurrently, Moody's has affirmed the B3 foreign currency senior unsecured ratings for The Second Pakistan International Sukuk Co and The Third Pakistan International Sukuk Co.

Moody's said the outlook for growth has strengthened as a result of increased macroeconomic stability due to reforms started during the three-year IMF extended fund facility programme and following the launch of the Cpec project in 2015.

In the fiscal year ended June 2016, real GDP growth reached 4.5 per cent, up from 4.1 per cent in both 2015 and 2014, The agency said. Moody's expects such growth rates to be maintained or exceeded in the next few years. By contrast, the median rate of growth for B-rated sovereigns was just 2.7 per cent in 2016.

Moody's said that from a macroeconomic stability perspective, the IMF programme succeeded in encouraging fiscal deficit reduction, more rigorous inflation management and the rebuilding of foreign exchange reserves. "While further progress will be challenging, as fiscal metrics remain weak and reserve adequacy is relatively fragile, our baseline assumption is that the steps that the authorities have taken in the last 3 to 4 years will not be reversed," it said.

Moody's expects real GDP growth will rise towards 6 per cent over the next few years, as the economic benefits of the Cpec gradually materialise and past policy reforms continue to support economic potential. The Cpec will increase Pakistan's competitiveness and lift potential GDP growth by relieving supply-side constraints, particularly in power and transport infrastructure, and by catalyzing private sector investment, the agency said.

"However, security related issues and a weak track record of public project implementation suggest the pace of project execution will be relatively slow," Moody's added. "Therefore, while the Cpec will support Pakistan's credit profile, Moody's expects the economic impact to materialise more slowly than the government envisions, resulting in real GDP growth closer to 5.5 per cent over the next two years, compared to government forecasts for 6 per cent growth in fiscal year 2018, rising to 7 per cent by 2020."

Riaz Haq said...

Pakistani universities must capitalise on Chinese investment
The $50 billion China-Pakistan Economic Corridor is a huge opportunity to build academic capacity in Pakistan, say Abdur Rehman Cheema and Muhammad Haris

The China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) unveiled by Chinese president Xi Jinping in 2013, is frequently referred to in Pakistan as a potential economic game changer. Now in its first phase of implementation, it will see the Chinese government pump more than $50 billion (£40 billion) into improving transport links and energy cooperation between China and Pakistan.

Hardly any attention has been paid, however, to how this opportunity might be leveraged to build the technological capacity of Pakistan’s universities. And, so far, academics have been conspicuous by their absence from those clamouring for a share of the pie.

There is no question that universities have a lot to offer in terms of economic development. Introduced in the late 1990s, the Triple Helix concept of university-industry-government relationships has transformed the social role of higher education in many developing countries, casting them as central to the transition to a knowledge-based society, whose policies all three players combine to shape. Although it is not easy to implement in countries that lack research universities or global businesses, studies suggest that the approach generally leads to greater scientific productivity, for instance.

Pakistani universities need to capitalise on China’s own desire to shift itself from a symbol of mass production to a knowledge-based economy. They need to align their strategies with Chinese companies’ existing strengths in information technology, railways, manufacturing and energy. And they need to approach both Chinese firms and the Pakistani government to identify the technical skills areas in which the demand for workers can be expected to rise, and implement new diplomas and short courses accordingly.

Networking is also an important tool that can help bring the spheres of government, industry and the academy together. Pakistan’s Higher Education Commission, which regulates all of its universities, should take the lead and help to start this conversation within universities and research centres, incentivising their interaction with existing firms, as well as establishing incubation facilities for new ones on university campuses, including granting them shared access to university facilities.

CPEC also offers an opportunity to address Pakistan’s rampant inequality. In the country’s poorest province, Balochistan, the federal government could help local politicians and tertiary education providers to set up inclusive business incubation centres charged with developing customised, socially useful entrepreneurial approaches. Drawing on the Chinese experience of poverty reduction, such measures could start to build skilled human resources able to contribute to local and national economic development.

For example, developing local expertise in processing copper – which is mined in Balochistan – could help Pakistan to save the cost of importing the metal after the ore is exported to China for refinement.

The Balochistani port of Gwadar, a gateway to the Middle-Eastern and African markets, is one of the nodes of CPEC and will be connected by new road and rail links to the far western Chinese city of Kashgar, in Xinjiang Province. This offers many business opportunities for Pakistani and international businesses, and local universities could both catalyse and benefit from this if they set up business research excellence centres aimed at helping to improve the quality of the goods and services to be exported.

Annika said...

How is India able to grow 2%+ per capita more than Pakistan? Is there a lesson in there for Pakistan?

Riaz Haq said...

Annika: "Is there a lesson in there for Pakistan?"

Pakistan needs investment of 28% of GDP to achieve 7% economic growth, a capital-to-output ratio (COR) of four.

The big difference between the two countries has been the higher investment rate as %of GDP in India (34%) than in Pakistan (15%) .... a combination of higher domestic savings rate (28% in India vs 10% in Pakistan) and FDI.

If Pakistan can increase investment to the same level as India's, there's no reason Pakistan economy can't grow at the same rate as India's or even faster.

With China leading foreign investment via CPEC to boost infrastructure and energy availability, Pakistan has an opportunity to significantly increase overall investment rate by attracting investments from multiple foreign sources.

Annika said...

What will be the true effect of CPEC? Some like you say it will be very positive infrastructure help at subsidized investment and others claim it will increase debt because of 7% interest on $24 billion and benefit China more.

Riaz Haq said...

Annika: "others claim it will increase debt because of 7% interest on $24 billion "

The Chinese soft loans for CPEC infrastructure projects carry an interest rate of just 1.6%, far lower than similar loans offered by the World Bank at rates of 3.8% or higher. The rest is investment by Chinese companies which are getting loans from China's ExIm Bank at concessional rates and from China Development Bank at commercial rates. These loans will be repaid by the Chinese companies from their income from these investments, not by Pakistani taxpayers.

Pakistan's absolute public debt will increase but so will its GDP. Hopefully, the overall ratio of debt-to-gdp will decline from the current 60% to a significantly lower level.

Riaz Haq said...

We’ll make #CPEC a success, come what may: #Pakistan Army Chief Gen Bajwa. #China

General Qamar Javed Bajwa reiterated on Wednesday the determination of the army and other law enforcement agencies to provide fool-proof security to the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) calling the multibillion-dollar project ‘harbinger of peace and prosperity’ in the region.

“While the army will provide security to the project [CPEC], the other national institutions will have to come forward and play their respective roles,” he said while speaking at a function in Islamabad on CPEC Logistics on Wednesday.

“We as a nation can only benefit from this historic opportunity, if we prepare ourselves to embrace it. All national institutions will have to make a deliberate effort to ensure success of CPEC,” he added.
CPEC is truly a harbinger of economic development, peace and prosperity in the region, he said, adding that unlike some other countries of South Asia, Pakistan believes in focusing its energies on peace and inclusiveness, rather than divisive competition. He was apparently referring to India which publicly opposes the multibillion-dollar project.

Country’s progress: Army chief hails role of overseas Pakistanis

“CPEC would bring increasing economic integration among regional economies and reduce the development gap within various regions of Pakistan,” he said.

Gen Qamar said the Chinese investment in various fields, including energy, infrastructure, Gwadar port and special economic zones, can lay the foundation of a fast-developing Pakistan if the opportunity was optimally utilised.

“We take immense pride in our relationship with China that has always remained on an ascending trajectory and now encompasses almost every sphere of our life. The lasting imprint of this brotherly partnership is visible in state-to-state, military-to-military, business-to-business and people-to-people contacts,” he said.

The army chief went on to say that the Sino-Pak relationship is based on the principles of peaceful co-existence, commonality of interest and shared perception on regional and global issues. “We have always stood by each other through thick and thin and at every critical juncture of our history. That is why we are called Iron brothers.

“Xi Jinping’s grand vision of One Belt, One Road (OBOR) has opened up a whole new world of opportunities for the countries of the region and beyond. CPEC, being an important project of OBOR, holds great promise for turning around the economies of Pakistan, Western China and the region,” he added.

Army chief appreciates security forces for ‘winning back dissidents’

The army chief said to reap benefits from CPEC Pakistan needs education, training and skill development of the youth. “We also need to improve our existing laws and regulations to provide a facilitating framework for trade and investment activities. We need infrastructure and urban planning to ensure that we are able to handle large volume of business and transport, without any hassle,” he added.

Commenting on the prevailing security situation in Pakistan, Gen Qamar said the “country is much safer today than before as peace has been restored in Fata and the adjoining areas”. He said normalcy was also returning to Karachi. “Similarly, the law and order situation has improved significantly in Balochistan and there is great focus on socio-economic development in the province,” he added.

“Pakistan is a resilient nation of over 200 million people, with a large ratio of vibrant, capable and enthusiastic youth. We need to capitalize on this opportunity to make Pakistan an economic power in coming years,” he added.

He encouraged entrepreneurs to join hands with Chinese investors and make this dream a reality. “My dream is that by the year 2030, when we complete the current phase of economic partnership between the two countries, Pakistan should at least be in league with middle income countries,” he stated.

Sunidhi said...

All countries are resilient - it is human nature to survive. Just look at WW1 and WW2 and many natural disasters.
The choices you make and the decisions you take determines the degree of your progress and prosperity.

Riaz Haq said...

Pakistan exports surgical goods, medical instruments worth US$ 339.19 million in 2016-17

Pakistan exported surgical goods and medical instruments worth US$ 339.19 million during the last fiscal year ended on June 30, 2017, as against the exports of US $ 358.766 million of the corresponding period of last year.

The exports of above mention goods were recorded at US$ 358.766 million during the financial year 2015-16.

According to the data of Pakistan Bureau of Statistics, the cutlery exports grew by 2.52 percent and reached at US$ 82.436 million in the fiscal year 2016-17 as compared to the exports of US$ 80.404 million in the same period last year.

Meanwhile, the exports of chemical and pharma products increased by 9.21 percent as chemical and pharmaceutical products valuing US $ 878.463 million exported as compared the exports of US $ 804.337 million in the same period last year.

During the period from July-June, 2016-17, about 44,250 metric tons of fertilizers manufactured valuing US$ 10.158 million exported as compared the exports of the same period last year.

During the last financial year ended on June 30, 2017, exports of fertilizers manufactured grew by 100 percent as compared the corresponding period of last year, the data added.

According to the data, about 9,029 metric tons of pharmaceutical products worth US$ 212.291 million exported which was up by 3.63 percent against the exports of last year.

The country had earned US$ 204.846 million by exporting about 11,112 metric tons of pharmaceutical products during the year 2015-16, it added.

Riaz Haq said...

#Exports from #Pakistan up by 16.16% in June, #trade deficit widens 36% in FY 2016-17 … via @Dispatch News Desk

ISLAMABAD, Pakistan: The exports from the Country, on year-on-year basis, increased by 16.16 percent during June 2017 as compared to the exports of the same month of last fiscal year.

The exports from the country were recorded at $1.912 billion during June 2017 as compared to the exports of $1.646 billion during June 2016, showing positive growth of 16.16 percent, according to the latest data of Pakistan Bureau of Statistics (PBS) on Wednesday.

The imports during the month also grew 2.16 percent by going up from $4.438 billion during June 2016 to $4.534 billion during June 2017.

Based on the figures, the trade deficit on year-on-year basis was recorded at $2.622 billion in June 2017 as compared to the deficit of $2.792 during June 2016, showing negative growth of 6.09 percent.

On month-on-month basis, the exports from the country during June 2017 increased by 17.52 percent when compared to the exports of $1.627 billion in May 2017.

The imports into the country decreased by 10.96 percent in June 2017 when compare to the imports of $5.092 billion in May 2017.

The overall trade deficit during the fiscal year 2016-17 widened by 36.32 percent as compared to the deficit of last fiscal year, as imports into the country dipped by 18.67 percent while exports witnessing negative growth of 1.63 percent.

The trade deficit during the fiscal year 2016-17 was recorded at $32.578 billion as compared to the deficit of $23.898 billion during the fiscal year 205-16, showing negative growth of 36.32 percent, according to the PBS data

During the period under review, the imports from the country were recorded at $53.026 billion as compared to the imports of $44.685 billion during 2015-16, showing growth of 18.67 percent.

On the other hand, the exports from the country decreased by 1.63 percent by falling from the $20.787 billion last year to $20.448 billion during 2016-17, the data revealed.

Riaz Haq said...

China will continue to be the single biggest contributor to global growth but another five Asian
economies will be among the world’s six fastest-growing economies – Bangladesh, India,
Philippines, Pakistan and Vietnam.

Pakistan is the world’s fourth fastest growing economy after Bangladesh, Ethiopia and India, according to the 2018 global research report by HSBC.

Titled ‘The World in 2030‘, and released on 25 September 2018, it gives HSBC’s long-term projections for 75 countries.

See also: Harvard predicts Pakistan GDP to grow by 6% over 10 years

According to HSBC, China looks set to be the world’s largest economy by 2030 while India would jump to No. 3 after USA, pushing Germany and Japan down.

Pakistan’s GDP growth projections to 2030 will average 5.7%, the highest being 6.5% in 2028-2033 five-year period.

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Riaz Haq said...

India’s GDP Mis-estimation: Likelihood,
Magnitudes, Mechanisms, and Implications
Arvind Subramanian ( former Chief Economic Adviser to the Government of India)
CID Faculty Working Paper No. 354
June 2019

The main findings of this paper are the following. First, a variety of evidence—within India and
across countries—suggests that India’s GDP growth has been over-stated by about 2 ½ percentage
points per year in the post-2011 period, with a 95 percent confidence band of 1 percentage point.
That is, instead of the reported average growth of 6.9 percent between 2011 and 2016, actual growth
was more likely to have been between 3 ½ and 5 ½ percent. Cumulatively, over five years, the level
of GDP might have been overstated by about 9-21 percent.


India changed its data sources and methodology for estimating real gross domestic product (GDP) for
the period since 2011-12. This paper shows that this change has led to a significant overestimation of
growth. Official estimates place annual average GDP growth between 2011-12 and 2016-17 at
about 7 percent. We estimate that actual growth may have been about 4½ percent with a 95 percent
confidence interval of 3 ½ -5 ½ percent. The evidence, based on disaggregated data from India and
cross-sectional/panel regressions, is robust. Lending further credence to the evidence, part of the overestimation can be related to a key methodological change, which affected the measurement of the formal
manufacturing sector. These findings alter our understanding of India’s growth performance after the
Global Financial Crisis, from spectacular to solid. Two important policy implications follow: the
entire national income accounts estimation should be revisited, harnessing new opportunities created by
the Goods and Services Tax to significantly improve it; and restoring growth should be the urgent
priority for the new government.

Riaz Haq said...

CPEC Results According to Wang Wenbin of China

Bilal I Gilani
CPEC projects are creating 192,000 jobs, generating 6,000MW of power, building 510 km (316 miles) of highways, and expanding the national transmission network by 886 km (550 miles),” Foreign Ministry spokesman Wang Wenbin told reporters in Beijing."

Associated Press of Pakistan: On July 5, Prime Minister Shahbaz Sharif while addressing a ceremony to mark a decade of signing of the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC), said that CPEC has been playing a key role in transforming Pakistan’s economic landscape. He also said that the mega project helped Pakistan progress in the region and beyond. What is your response?

Wang Wenbin: The China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) is a signature project of China-Pakistan cooperation in the new era, and an important project under the Belt and Road Initiative. This year marks the 10th anniversary of the launch of CPEC. After ten years of development, a “1+4” cooperation layout has been formed, with the CPEC at the center and Gwadar Port, transport infrastructure, energy and industrial cooperation being the four key areas. Projects under CPEC are flourishing all across Pakistan, attracting USD 25.4 billion of direct investment, creating 192,000 jobs, producing 6,000 megawatts of electric power, building 510 kilometers of highways and adding 886 kilometers to the core national transmission network. CPEC has made tangible contribution to the national development of Pakistan and connectivity in the region. China and Pakistan have also explored new areas for cooperation under the framework of CPEC, creating new highlights in cooperation on agriculture, science and technology, telecommunication and people’s wellbeing.

China stands ready to work with Pakistan to build on the past achievements and follow the guidance of the important common understandings between the leaders of the two countries on promoting high-quality development of CPEC to boost the development of China and Pakistan and the region and bring more benefits to the people of all countries.