Tuesday, January 16, 2018

Pakistan is the World's 5th Largest Motorcycles Market

Pakistan is the 5th largest motorcycle market in the world after China, India, Indonesia and Vietnam. With 7,500 new motorcycles being sold everyday, Pakistan is also the among the world's fastest growing two-wheeler markets. Passenger car and motorcycle sales in Pakistan are both soaring at rates of over 20% a year.



Auto Demand Soaring:

Nearly 2.3 million motorcycles have rolled off the factories in Pakistan in the last 10 months. The production of motorcycles jumped 22.34 percent in the first four months of fiscal year 2017-18 (FY18), over the corresponding period of in FY17, according to the latest data from Pakistan Bureau of Statistics (PBS) as reported by the media.

Pakistan automobile market is also expanding along with the motorcycle market. Sales of passenger cars soared 20.4% to 103,432 units in the first half of the current fiscal year of 2017/18, recently released official data shows. Car sales were 85,901 in the same period of last fiscal year, according to Pakistan Automotive Manufacturers Association (PAMA).

Durable Goods Ownership:

Ownership of consumer durables like computers, home appliances and vehicles is often seen as an important indicator of the size and health of the middle classes in emerging economies. Examples of periodic household surveys used by researchers to measure such data include NSS (National Sampling Survey) in India and PSLM (Pakistan Social and Living Standards Measurement) in Pakistan.

Durables Ownership in India and Pakistan. Source: KSBL
Pakistan's Trillion Dollar Economy:

Pakistan is now the world's third fastest growing economy among the world's top 25 economies with PPP GDP of over one trillion US dollars, according to  the International Monetary Fund (IMF). IMF has recently raised the country's 2018 growth forecast to 5.6%.
Courtesy:  Ashraf Hameedi, Highforest Capital
Pakistan 3rd Fastest Among Top 25: 

Spectator Index has ranked India first with 7.3% growth, followed by China (6.5%), Pakistan (5.6%), Indonesia (5.3%) and Turkey (3.7%) among the world's 25 largest economies in terms of PPP GDP.

Earlier in October 2017, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) forecast Pakistan's economy to grow at 6.3% CAGR over 2017-2022.

India-Pakistan Comparison:

Dr. Jawaid Abdul Ghani, a professor at Karachi School of Business Leadership, has recently analyzed household surveys in India and Pakistan to discover the following:

1.  As of 2015, car ownership in both India and Pakistan is about the same at 6% of households owning a car. However, 41% of Pakistani household own motorcycles, several points higher than India's 32%.

2. 12% of Pakistani households own a computer, slightly higher than 11% in India.

3. Higher percentage of Pakistani households own appliances such as refrigerators (Pakistan 47%, India 33%), washing machines (Pakistan 48%, India 15%) and fans (Pakistan 91%, India 83%).

4. 71% of Indian households own televisions versus 62% in Pakistan.

Durables Ownership Growth in Pakistan. Source: KSBL
Growth over Time:

Dr. Abdul Ghani has also analyzed household data to show that the percentage of Pakistani households owning washing machines has doubled while car and refrigerator ownership has tripled and motorcycle ownership jumped 6-fold from 2001 to 2014.

Income/Consumption Growth in Pakistan. Source: KSBL

Rapid Income Growth:

Rising ownership of durables in Pakistan has been driven by significant reduction in poverty and growth of household incomes, according to Dr. Abdul Ghani's research. Percentage of households with per capita income of under $2 per day per person has plummeted from 57% in 2001 to 7% in 2014. At the same time, the percentage of households earning $2 to $10 per day per person has soared from 42% of households in 2001 to 87% of households in 2014.  The percentage of those earning over $10 per day per person has jumped 7-fold from 1% of households in 2001 to 7% of households in 2014.

Pakistani Middle Class:

Only 5% of Pakistanis in $2-$4 per day per person income group have college degrees. But 20% of those in $4-$10 have college degrees, according to the survey results.

Pakistan Middle Class Profile. Source: KSBL

Credit Suisse Income and Wealth Data:

Average Pakistani adult is 20% richer than an average Indian adult and the median wealth of a Pakistani adult is 120% higher than that of his or her Indian counterpart, according to Credit Suisse Wealth Report 2016. Average household wealth in Pakistan has grown 2.1% while it has declined 0.8% in India since the end of last year.

Median wealth data indicates that 50% of Pakistanis own more than $1,180 per adult which is 120% more than the $608 per adult owned by 50% of Indians.

GDP Estimates Using Household Survey Data:

Pakistan's GDP calculated from consumption data in PSLM is significantly higher than the government estimates based on production data. The reverse is true of Indian GDP.

M. Ali Kemal and Ahmed Waqar Qasim, economists at Pakistan Institute of Development Economics (PIDE),  explored several published different approaches for sizing Pakistan's underground economy and settled on a combination of  PSLM (Pakistan Social and Living Standards Measurement) consumption data  and mis-invoicing of exports and imports to conclude that the country's "informal economy was 91% of the formal economy in 2007-08". 

Prominent Indian economists Abhijit V Banerjee, Pranab Bardhan, Rohini Somanathan and TN Srinivasan teaching at MIT, UC Berkeley, Yale University and Delhi School of Economics believe that India's GDP estimate based on household survey (National Sampling Service or NSS) data is about half of what the Indian government officially reports as India's GDP. 

Here's a quote from French economist Thomas Piketty's book "Capital in the Twenty-First Century" explaining his skepticism of production-based official GDP figures of India and China:

"Note, too, that the very high official growth figures for developing countries (especially India and China) over the past few decades are based almost exclusively on production statistics. If one tries to measure income growth by using household survey data, it is often quite difficult to identify the reported rates of macroeconomic growth: Indian and Chinese incomes are certainly increasing rapidly, but not as rapidly as one would infer from official growth statistics. This paradox-sometimes referred to as the "black hole" of growth-is obviously problematic. It may be due to the overestimation of the growth of output (there are many bureaucratic incentives for doing so), or perhaps the underestimation of income growth (household have their own flaws)), or most likely both. In particular, the missing income may be explained by the possibility that a disproportionate share of the growth in output has gone to the most highly remunerated individuals, whose incomes are not always captured in the tax data." 

Who is Dr. Jawaid Abdul Ghani?

The PSLM household data cited in this blog post is taken from a recent presentation made by Dr. Jawaid Abdul Ghani at the Karachi School of Business and Leadership (KSBL) where he teaches. KSBL has been established in collaboration with  Cambridge University's Judge Business School. Prior to his current faculty position, Dr. Abdul Ghani taught at MIT's Sloane School of Management and Lahore University of Management Sciences (LUMS). He has a computer science degree from MIT and an MBA from Wharton Business School.

Summary:

Pakistan is the 5th largest motorcycle market in the world after China, India, Indonesia and Vietnam. With 7,500 new motorcycles being sold everyday, Pakistan is also the among the world's fastest growing two-wheeler markets.  Passenger car and motorcycles sales in Pakistan are both soaring at rates of over 20% a year.  Pakistan has managed to significantly reduce poverty and rapidly grow its middle class since 2001. The country now boasts the world's third fastest growing economy among the world's top 25 economies with PPP GDP of over one trillion US dollars, according to the International Monetary Fund (IMF). IMF has recently raised the country's 2018 growth forecast to 5.6%. spite of major political, security and economic challenges. The foundation for the rise of the middle class was laid on President Musharraf's watch by his government's decisions to invest in education and infrastructure projects that led to the expansion of both human and financial capital. My hope is that the continued improvement in security situation and implementation of China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) related projects will bring in higher long-term investments and accelerate Pakistan's progress toward prosperity for all of its citizens.

Related Links:

Haq's Musings

Credit Suisse Wealth Report 2016

Pakistan's Trillion Dollar Economy Among World's Fastest Growing

Pakistan: A Majority Middle Class Country

Karachi School of Business and Leadership

State Bank: Pakistan's Actual GDP Higher Than Officially Reported

College Enrollment in Pakistan

Musharraf Accelerated Development of Pakistan's Human and Financial Capital

China-Pakistan Economic Corridor

16 comments:

Abdullah N. said...

Just to add to the fact. Only in Sialkot the 3000 Units of Honda CD125 2018 model has been sold in last 2 and half months (since its launch).
A source from exise department told. (Registered bikes)

Monis R. said...

Great data! Good job pulling this together Riaz Haq.

Hakikat said...

In comparison, BD has 300K passenger cars in total, and 1.6m motorcycles in total. However, BD's per capita GDP is higher than that of Pak!!!!! Even Mujib/Indira/RAW couldn't beat these folks in "lies and deception".....

https://www.brta.gov.bd/images/statistics-bd-sept-16.pdf

Riaz Haq said...

Hakikat: " In comparison, BD has 300K passenger cars in total, and 1.6m motorcycles in total. "

According to Bangladesh Reconditioned Vehicles Importers and Dealers Association (Barvida), the total number of registered private cars in the country was 3.5 lakh as of March this year.

The size of the car market now stands between Tk 4,000 crore and Tk 5,000 crore with a growth rate of 15-20 percent annually. Barvida data shows 15,000 private cars are imported on an average per year.

This growth was driven by the growing middle class. Boston Consulting Group in a research showed that two million Bangladeshis join the ranks of middle and affluent class every year.

Per capita income rose to $1,602 in the last fiscal year, up from less than $500 a decade ago, according to the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS).

Growing urbanites and middle class have been creating new demand for auto loans.

Auto loan portfolio of over three dozen private commercial banks grew at an average of 44.25 percent in the last three years, according to Bangladesh Bank data.

Mohammed Nurul Amin, managing director of Meghna Bank, also attributed the growth to falling lending rates.

Banks are currently lending auto loan at 11 to 12 percent while the rate was above 16 percent two years ago, he said.

Currently, the average interest rate of other consumer loans is 13 percent, according to the central bank.

Moreover, the cars are mortgaged for which banks are more inclined to giving out loans.

Habibullah Don, president of Barvida, said the demand for cars has been growing due to a lack of quality public transports.

“Middle class people are compelled to buy cars as they cannot use the shabby public vehicles,” said Don.

Bangladesh Bank's ceiling on the auto loan at 50 percent of the total value is a barrier to the growth of car sales, he said. Five years ago, up to 70 percent of the value could be availed from loans.

Toyota leads the reconditioned private car market with 88.5 percent share, according to the Mutual Trust Bank report. The second, third and fourth positions are occupied by three other Japanese automotive manufactures -- Nissan, Honda and Mitsubishi.

Toyota is the highest selling brand with two price groups in the market. Axio Sedan and Axio Fielder are in lower price categories selling between Tk 17.5 lakh and Tk 19.5 lakh.

Allion and Premio are the higher price categories selling between Tk 24 lakh and 28 lakh, according to the report.

http://www.thedailystar.net/business/car-sales-speed-1429624

Riaz Haq said...

Pakistan sales drive continues in second half of 2017
Written by Global Cement staff
08 January 2018

http://www.globalcement.com/news/item/6938-pakistan-sales-drive-continues-in-second-half-of-2017

Pakistan: Cement sales rose by 12% year-on-year to 22.2Mt in the last six months of 2017 from 19.8Mt in the same period in 2016. Data from the All Pakistan Cement Manufacturers' Association (APCMA) shows that domestic consumption rose by 17.4 % to 19.8Mt from 16.9Mt, according to the Express Tribune newspaper. However, exports continued to decline in the period by 17.3% to 2.9Mt from 2.4Mt. Exports fell in most parts of the country, particularly in the south, despite increases from plants in Punjab and Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa. The APCMA has blamed this on high industry costs, foreign imports and local legislation.

Riaz Haq said...

THE EXPRESS TRIBUNE > BUSINESS
Consumer confidence in Pakistan at all-time high

https://tribune.com.pk/story/1609611/2-consumer-confidence-pakistan-time-high/

Pakistan’s consumer confidence has reached an all-time high of 111, up by nine points in the third quarter (July-September) of 2017, from 102 points in the previous quarter (April-June), according to the Nielsen Global Survey of consumer confidence and spending intentions.

“The nine-point increase in Pakistan’s consumer confidence score depicts an improving outlook for the country,” Nielsen Pakistan Managing Director Quratulain Ibrahim was quoted as saying in the press release.

“Since Nielsen launched the survey, this has been the highest number reached to date, which can be attributed to several reasons such as the growth in the agricultural sector, controlled inflation, strengthened power supply and most importantly, the uplift in the job market. Pakistan is flourishing and is rated as one of the top growth markets in the Middle East & Africa region.” The survey data highlights a positive perception of job outlook, increasing from 47% in the second quarter to 57% in the third.

Although there has been a one percentage point dip in job security being the biggest concern over the next six months, it still remains the top concern amongst 21% of Pakistani consumers. Consumers are spending more on vacations and technology in third quarter, suggesting that they have more disposable cash.

Regionally, there has been a one-point increase in the index level. Africa / Middle East has also witnessed a one percentage point increase in the job prospects (38%), with no change in the state of respondent’s personal finances. Spending intentions increased one percentage point to 34%.

Four out of six Africa / Middle East markets showed consumer confidence gains. Pakistan’s consumer confidence rose the most, by nine points (which stands at 111). United Arab Emirates (112), South Africa (83) and Egypt (81) were amongst the other countries showing an increase in consumer confidence index.

Consumer Confidence Index sees a 5.07% increase

Conversely, consumer confidence fell in Morocco (72) and Saudi Arabia (93), declining by five points in both countries.

Established in 2005, the Nielsen Consumer Confidence Index is fielded quarterly in 63 countries to measure the perceptions of local job prospects, personal finances, immediate spending intentions and related economic issues of real consumers around the world. Consumer confidence levels above and below a baseline of 100 indicate degrees of optimism and pessimism, respectively.

Sen said...

Before posting crap, please do some research
Cars prices have been raised artificially (Taxes) in BD because they have high population density and donot have road infra to support more cars

Honda City Starting Price in India : INR 9L = $13700
Honda City Starting Price in Pak : PKR 16L = $14400
Honda City Starting Price in BD : TK 31L = $37400

SO they have lessers cars in road because cars in BD cost 2.5 times compared to Pak

Riaz Haq said...

#Pakistan keeps #terrorists on the run and #economy on a roll
Businesses' focus shifts from bombs and kidnappings to taxes and policy. #Taliban #TTP #terrorism #India #Karachi #Rangers

https://asia.nikkei.com/Politics-Economy/Economy/Pakistan-keeps-terrorists-on-the-run-and-economy-on-a-roll

KARACHI -- Terrorism, corruption, misrule: Negative perceptions have dogged Pakistan for years. But thanks to sweeping operations by the army and a powerful paramilitary force, those perceptions may be becoming outdated, and businesses are taking notice.

In Karachi, the country's largest city, motorcycles and elaborately decorated buses weave down dusty roads between colonial-era buildings. Less than a decade ago, these were truly mean streets. "Between 2010 and 2012, we saw one or two terrorist attacks every month and one or two targeted killings and kidnappings for ransom every day," recalled Army Maj. Gen. Mohammad Saeed. "There were 17 no-go areas which the police could not touch in Karachi."

At the time, even major hotels had occupancy rates of just 10% to 15%. Hundreds of shops and other businesses closed down.

Then the Rangers began to clean up.

The Pakistan Rangers, a paramilitary law enforcement organization overseen by the military and the Interior Ministry, set out to tackle the violence head-on. In 2013, the Rangers Sindh -- which operate in Sindh Province, including Karachi -- mobilized 15,000 troops. The provincial legislature granted them broad powers to search homes and make arrests, enabling them to quickly turn the tide.

In 2017, there were zero bombings and only five kidnappings, according to Saeed, who serves as director general of the Rangers Sindh. This is no small feat in a city with a swelling population of 17 million -- perhaps even 20 million if migrants from rural areas are factored in. "We destroyed all of the terrorists' pockets," he said, adding that hotel occupancy rates are over 90%.

The story is similar in Pakistan's other major cities. And as the Rangers have made headway, business sentiment has improved and growth has picked up.

Pakistan's real gross domestic product grew 5.3% in the fiscal year through June 2017, the quickest pace in 10 years. The central bank projects the growth rate for this fiscal year will approach 6%. Inflation has stabilized and exports are brisk.

"Unfortunately, Pakistan is a victim of negative perception," said Arif Habib, who heads the conglomerate Arif Habib Group. "There is a lot of difference between perception and reality."

But the rest of the world seems to be catching on to the positive changes, too: Foreign direct investment is estimated to reach a record $5 billion or so in the current fiscal year, up from $3.43 billion last year.

Last June, in a survey by the Overseas Investors Chamber of Commerce & Industry, 89% of respondents said security concerns in Karachi had receded since 2013.

The OICCI is made up of 193 companies, mainly major foreign businesses in Pakistan. Each year, it surveys the members about factors that are hampering investment in Pakistan. "The top answer in 2015 was 'security, law and order,' but it fell to third place in 2017," said OICCI Secretary-General Abdul Aleem, who served as the chief executive of a state-run company. "It was overtaken by 'tax burden' and 'policy implementation.'"

Riaz Haq said...

SBP: #Pakistan #economy maintaining growth momentum despite external headwinds. Large Scale #Manufacturing (#LSM) soars 10% in Q1 FY18

https://dailytimes.com.pk/184644/economy-maintaining-growth-momentum-despite-external-headwinds-sbp/

KARACHI: The State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) Friday said the preliminary data on key macroeconomic indicators suggest that growth momentum remained in the first quarter of the current fiscal year.

The Central Bank mentioned in its first quarterly report for FY18 that several coincident indicators point to a further strengthening of aggregate supply and demand in the economy.

According to the report, with the exception of cotton, other major kharif crops achieved or surpassed the FY18 targets. This improvement is supported by sufficient water availability, healthy fertilizer off take and an encouraging increase in agricultural credit disbursements. The large-scale manufacturing also experienced a 10 percent high growth during Q1-FY18 – the highest quarterly growth since FY09.

The performance was encouraging as all sectors, barring fertilizer, contributed positively. This broad based\ growth can be attributed to better energy availability, improved security situation, and rising consumer demand on the back of higher purchasing power and access to affordable credit facilities. The healthy performance of commodity producing sectors had a positive impact on the services sector as well, it added.

The Report highlighted that timely policy support, favorable cyclical movements, low and stable inflation along with growing confidence triggered an uptick in the private sector credit. In particular, the fixed investment loans expanded for the twelfth consecutive quarter in Q1-FY18.

The Report also observed the noteworthy rebound in FBR revenues on the back of increased economic activity. New infrastructure projects, surge in imports, higher consumption of consumer durables, and increased prices and consumption of POL products significantly contributed to both direct and indirect taxes. Notwithstanding this performance, the Report emphasized on the need for more concerted efforts aimed at expanding the tax base.

It also highlighted that the recent significant gains in export growth and foreign direct investment are welcome developments. However, these gains were not enough to contain the overall balance of payments deficit. On the back of an expanding economy, import payments far exceeded the aforementioned positives and the external sector remained under pressure. The widening of current account deficit along with an increase in economic activity is a recurring phenomenon for Pakistan, and one that has the tendency of disrupting growth cycles. There is, hence, an urgent need to find innovative policy mixes, avenues for raising foreign exchange earnings, and realigning policies favoring export growth.

In brief, the first quarter developments show that Pakistan’s economy is well poised to continue on its growth momentum for FY18. However, in order to maintain this virtuous equilibrium of high growth and low inflation in the medium- and long-term, the Report underlines the need to address long-standing structural reforms in the fiscal and external sectors.

Riaz Haq said...

Imports of used cars in Pakistan jump 70pc

https://www.dawn.com/news/1385303/imports-of-used-cars-in-pakistan-jump-70pc

KARACHI: Imports of used cars and minivans surged to 65,723 units in 2017, up almost 70 per cent from 38,676 units a year ago, latest data released by the auto industry shows.

The arrival of sport utility vehicles (SUVs) also increased 59pc to 7,758 units. Imports of pickups and vans registered a 9pc rise to 3,154 units.

The local industry maintains a record of each imported vehicle, whether new or old, through the Import General Manifest (IGM). Every imported car is logged in the customs’ IGM.

Toyota Vitz was most popular foreign vehicle in 2017

Toyota Vitz remained the most popular imported car in 2017. As many as 8,680 units arrived in 2017, up almost 40pc from a year ago. The volume of Daihatsu Mira swelled 73.1pc to 6,091 units.

Toyota Aqua imports climbed 96pc to 7,123 units from 3,622 units in 2016.

As many as 5,088 units of Suzuki Every were brought into Pakistan in 2017, up 14.6pc year-on-year. Imports of Daihatsu Hijet rose 34.5pc to 3,367 units.

The arrival of Suzuki Alto doubled to 4,158 units from 2,013 units a year ago. Suzuki WagonR imports surged 115pc to 3,574 units.

Imports of Honda Vezel and Toyota Land Cruiser stood 2,431 units and 3,301 units in 2017, up 57.5pc and 55.7pc, respectively, on an annual basis.

The overall volume of imported used vehicles grew 65pc to 76,635 units in 2017 from 46,500 units a year ago, data showed.

Low interest rates, increase in auto financing by banks and lifting of vehicles by investors for cab services like Careem and Uber boosted the imports of used cars as well as sales of locally assembled vehicles.

The government imposed regulatory duties on the purchase of foreign used vehicles in October, which largely failed to dent the overall annual import figures.

Sales of locally produced cars rose 20.4pc on a year-on-year basis to 103,432 units in July-December.

According to the Pakistan Bureau of Statistics, overall imports of cars increased 64pc to $276 million in July-December.

Pakistan Association of Automotive Parts and Accessories Manufacturers’ former chairman Aamir Allawala said the local vending industry lost estimated revenue of Rs23 billion last year.

The estimate is based on taking the average local content per vehicle of Rs300,000 on imports of 76,645 units in 2017. This is in contrast to a loss of Rs14bn in 2016 with imports of 46,500 vehicles.

He said imports of used cars were the biggest impediment to investment by existing assemblers, new entrants and part makers.

He said the government has modified the procedure for the payment of duties and taxes to curb imports of used vehicles.

“Time has come for the existing players to make prompt investment in capacity expansion, improve localisation, introduce new models and reduce delivery time to eliminate the menace of premium,” he said, adding that an increase in production will boost tax revenue and create jobs.

In the near future, Hyundai, Kia and Renault will set up plants in the country.

Riaz Haq said...

Pakistan's auto sales surge 23 pct in January 2018

http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2018-02/12/c_136970661.htm

The Pakistan Automotive Manufacturers Association announced on Monday that Pakistan's locally assembled cars and Light Commercial Vehicles (LCVs) sales volume jumped by 23 percent to 23,562 units in January on the yearly comparison and by 22 percent on the monthly comparison.

The growth was largely attributed to Pak-Suzuki Motor Company's (PSMC) impressive sales numbers of the Wagon-R (an increase of 1,101 units) and Cultus (an increase of 680 units) and a strong response to Honda Atlas Cars' BR-V (an increase of 500 units).

Moreover, recent changes in import procedures have also resulted in a higher offtake for the less than 1,000cc segment, as consumers continue to shift to Pak-Suzuki Motor Company.

According to the Pakistani auto industry's official numbers, volumes for PSMC and Honda Atlas Car (HCAR) increased by 24 percent and 10 percent on yearly comparison while Indus Motor's volumes decreased by 7 percent.

Furthermore, growth was also recorded in LCVs sales, as they increased by 38 percent to 3,638 units in January this year when compared with the sales of 2,629 units in January last year.

Similarly, tractor sales continued to perform well, thereby registering 5,863 units for January, up by 9 percent as against 5,390 units in the same month of last year.

Moreover, motorcycles and three-wheelers also witnessed a fair bit of increase of 20 percent on the yearly comparison and 13 percent on the monthly comparison.

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Imports of used cars in Pakistan jump 70pc

https://www.dawn.com/news/1385303

Imports of used cars and minivans surged to 65,723 units in 2017, up almost 70 per cent from 38,676 units a year ago, latest data released by the auto industry shows.

The arrival of sport utility vehicles (SUVs) also increased 59pc to 7,758 units. Imports of pickups and vans registered a 9pc rise to 3,154 units.

The local industry maintains a record of each imported vehicle, whether new or old, through the Import General Manifest (IGM). Every imported car is logged in the customs’ IGM.

Toyota Vitz remained the most popular imported car in 2017. As many as 8,680 units arrived in 2017, up almost 40pc from a year ago. The volume of Daihatsu Mira swelled 73.1pc to 6,091 units.

Riaz Haq said...

THE EXPRESS TRIBUNE > BUSINESS
Memon inaugurates Aisha Steel Mills’ expansion project
By Our CorrespondentPublished: December 31, 2017

https://tribune.com.pk/story/1597176/2-memon-inaugurates-aisha-steel-mills-expansion-project/

Sindh Board of Investment (SBI) Chairperson Naheed Memon presided over a ribbon-cutting ceremony on Saturday to mark the beginning of construction on Aisha Steel Mills’ (ASM) expansion plans.

ASM, an Arif Habib Group company, has laid out plans to expand its capacity to a total of 700,000 tons per annum from its current capacity of 220,000 tons.

Addressing the ceremony, Memon said, “Initiation of expansion of Aisha Steel Mills reflects the confidence investors have in Sindh and Pakistan, strengthening our resolve to continue on this path of progress. “We are seeing expansion and new projects in almost all areas of manufacturing in Sindh,” the chairperson added, in a statement released by Arif Habib Corp.

She said that the board is committed to facilitate industrial investment in Sindh, which has the best infrastructure for setting up industries.

Also speaking on the occasion, ASM CEO Dr Munir said, “Our product mix, subsequent to the completion of expansion, will include 450,000 tons of Cold Rolled Coils (CRC) and 250,000 tons galvanised coils.”

He said, “The project is progressing on schedule and we are targeting phase-wise production to commence from the second quarter of the next financial year.”

On completion of expansion, ASM is expected to contribute over Rs10 billion to the revenues of the government.

Riaz Haq said...

#Mercedes-Benz trucks now to be Made-in-#Pakistan: Daimler AG and NLC sign MoU https://www.financialexpress.com/auto/car-news/mercedes-benz-trucks-now-to-be-made-in-pakistan-daimler-ag-and-nlc-sign-mou/1158008/ … via @FinancialXpress

Pakistan's National Logistics Cell has signed a MoU with Daimler AG to assemble Mercedes-Benz Trucks in the country. With the upcoming China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) and a new network that links Pakistan's seaports in Gwadar and Karachi with Northern Pakistan, this new plant will boost Commercial Vehicle sales in Pakistan.

German Automaker, Daimler AG has signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with The National Logistics Cell (NLC), Pakistan to set up a manufacturing unit of Mercedes‐Benz trucks in Pakistan. In a statement released by NLC, the company confirms that Daimler AG will locally assemble Mercedes-Benz Trucks in Pakistan and marks a major shift in the logistics and transportation industry’s preference towards European manufacturers.

News report further confirms that Major General Mushtaq Faisal, the director general, and Zia Ahmed, Chief Executive Officer of Pak NLC Motors signed the MoU on behalf of NLC. On behalf of Mercedes-Benz Trucks, Klaus Fischinger, head of the executive committee, and Dr Ralf Forcher, head of sales, were present to sign the MoU.

Major General Faisal further said that this is a historic moment for Pakistan’s commercial vehicle industry. A report on Tribune further quotes him saying “The local assembly of Mercedes‐Benz trucks would prove as a strategic opportunity that would leverage the modernisation of Pakistan’s logistics industry,” said the official. Pakistan government has promised to give more incentives in its Auto Development Policy 2016-21 and these locally-assembled Mercedes-Benz trucks would be sold at competitive prices.

This is also a huge move for Pakistan with the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) coming up, Daimler seems to have invested at the right time to make the most of Pakistan's logistics movement to China.

In an IANS report, Dr Ralf Forcher, head of sales at Mercedes‐Benz Special Trucks was quoted saying "Pakistan’s infrastructure and construction sectors have registered significant growth in recent years, giving a boost to the logistics industry that, in turn, means increased demand for commercial vehicles."

The demand for Commercial vehicles in Pakistan is set to go up with CPEC and a new network that links Pakistan's seaports in Gwadar and Karachi with Northern Pakistan.

Riaz Haq said...

#car prices rise about 10% in #Pakistan with currency devaluation of 17% against #Japanese yen. Nearly 40% of the content is still of imported value. #automobile #Manufacturing

https://www.brecorder.com/2018/07/10/427589/third-times-the-charm/

Cars are getting pricier again. For the third time since December when the currency first started to take its downward spiral, local automakers have raised prices. Whereas Suzuki raised prices by as much as Rs30,000, Toyota raised prices between Rs50,000 to Rs1.9 million for some of its imported vehicles. Honda, on the other hand, raised prices by up to Rs100,000. The Rupee to US Dollar depreciation continued well into July – falling by nearly 15 percent since December. Against the Japanese Yen, the Rupee fell by 17 percent during this period.

The price-hikes have been associated to high costs of manufacturing – not only rising costs for Completely Knocked Down (CKD) kits; but also locally-manufactured auto parts. According to data reported by Pakistan Bureau of Statistics (PBS), cost of CKD imports for motorcars went up by 21 percent between July-May 2018 whereas sales during the period rose by 16 percent.

Existing OEMs and auto-part makers are still dependent on imported CKD kits, functional parts, and commodities like iron, steel, aluminum, plastic etc. which are mostly imported. In an interview with BR Research, the Chairman of PAAPAM, Iftikhar Ahmed shared his estimates for localization in the cars segment, putting Suzuki’s at more than 70 percent, Toyota more than 55 and Honda around 51 percent. On average, he believes localization should be around 60-61 percent for all the three OEMs.

This means, nearly 40 percent of the content is still of imported value.

BR Research’s own calculations suggest localization levels during FY17 for an average car manufactured in the country may be 51 percent – (read “The Fault in our Cars”, published Feb 6, 2018) – whereas share of imported content in car prices would be around 22 percent. The rest is sales tax and customs duties. If imports become expensive, tax collected is also higher. Moreover, for cars with strong demand like Wagon-R or the more sophisticated SUVs or cross-over SUVs like Toyota Fortuner or Honda BR-V, localization is not a lot. This means, OEMs have no choice but to raise prices to keep their margins intact.

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https://www.brecorder.com/2018/02/06/397319/the-fault-in-our-cars/

The sector has had three major Japanese car makers, who started off by producing 33,000 units back in 1996, growing to the peak of 176,000 units in 2007, and since laid low. Now the volumes are hitting 200,000 cars and are expected to go up with the culmination of the new auto policy with at least three more players entering the field (Read “The Year of Cars”, Jan 29, 2018).

There is no doubt that the three Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs) have invested in Pakistan. Recently, Indus Motors expanded capacity worth Rs4 billion. Honda invested Rs240million to expand its press and paint shops. The sector provides direct and indirect jobs to over 2 million people.

There is a large parts manufacturing industry that runs parallel to the primary industry. Technology transfer has also happened with the support of carmakers. Vendors have signed technical agreements with prominent counterparts abroad to increase capabilities. Indus Motors Chief, Ali Jamali told BR Research that Toyota in Pakistan buys 126 million parts from local vendors every day. Seems like a huge number! But let’s consider another huge number.

Import bill for Completely Knocked Down (CKD) kits has grown from $268 million in FY09 to $673 million in FY17, according to data retrieved from Pakistan Bureau of Statistics (PBS). That’s more than Completely Built Unit (CBU) imports. This means, the imported content to manufacture one unit of car, on average, has remained between $3,000 to $4,000 through the years. With such a huge import burden for manufacturing, have we truly substituted imports?

Riaz Haq said...

#Motorcycle production in #Pakistan up 15.44% in FY 2017-18. 2,650,233 motorcycles produced in July-May (2017-18) , up 15.44% from 2,295,846 during July-May (2016-17). #Manufacturing #economy
https://nation.com.pk/04-Aug-2018/motorcycle-production-up-15-44pc-in-fy-2017-18

The production of motorcycles during the first eleven months of fiscal year (2017-18) increased by 15.44 per cent as against the corresponding period of last year, Pakistan Bureau of Statistics (PBS) reported.

As many as 2,650,233 motorcycles were manufactured during July-May (2017-18) against the output of 2,295,846 during July-May (2016-17), showing growth of 15.44 per cent, the latest PBS production data revealed.
The production of cars and jeeps witnessed 20.10 per cent increase during the period under review as 214,904 jeeps and cars were manufactured during July-May (2017-18) against the production of 178,944 units during July-May (2016-17).

The production of light commercial vehicles (LCVs) witnessed an increase of 18.54 per cent in production during the period under review by growing from 22,927 units last year to 27,178 million during 2017-18.

The production of tractors also increased from 50,049 units last year to 67,371 units, showing growth of 34.61 per cent while the production of trucks increased by 20.27 per cent, from 7,104 units to 8,544 units.

However, the production of buses during the period under review witnessed the negative growth of 31.54 per cent by going down from the output of 1,043 units to 714 units.

Meanwhile, on the year-on-year basis, the production of motorcycles increased by 14.57 per cent by growing from the output of 231,295 units in May 2017 to 264,984 units in May 2018.

The production of tractors also witnessed an upward growth of 19.56 per cent by growing from 5,746 units in May 2017 to 6,870 units in May 2018.

The production of jeeps and cars increased by 0.74 per cent as the country manufactured 18,227 jeeps and cars during May 2018 against the production of 18,094 units in May 2017, the PBS data revealed.

The production of tractors also witnessed an upward growth of 19.56 per cent by growing from 5,746 units in May 2017 to 6,870 units in May 2018.

The production of LCVs witnessed decrease of 12.96 per cent in production by going down from the output of 2,368 units in May 2017 to 2,061 units in May 2018.

The output of trucks witnessed the negative growth of 7.02 per cent by going down from the output of 869 units in May 2017 to 808 units in May 2018 while the output of buses declined by 19.51 per cent by declining from 82 units to 66 units.

It is pertinent to mention here that the overall 'Large Scale Manufacturing Industries' (LSMI) of the country witnessed the growth of 6 per cent during the first eleven months of the current fiscal year compared to the corresponding period of last year.

The country’s LSMI Quantum Index Numbers (QIM) was recorded at 149.19 points during July-May (2017-18) against 140.75 points during July-May (2016-17), showing growth of 6 per cent.

The highest growth of 3.62 per cent was witnessed in the indices monitored by Ministry of Industries, followed by 1.58 per cent growth in the products monitored by Provincial Bureaus of Statistics (PBOS) and 0.80 growth in the indices of Oil Companies Advisory Committee (OCAC).

On yearly basis, the industrial growth increased by 2.76 per cent during May 2018 as compared to same month of last year, however, on month-to-month basis, the industrial growth decreased by 11.63 per cent in May 2018 when compared to growth of April 2018, the PBS data revealed.

Riaz Haq said...

Despite local production in millions, motorcycle imports up by 15.52 percent

https://en.dailypakistan.com.pk/business/despite-local-production-in-millions-motorcycle-imports-up-by-15-52-percent/


Despite the massive local production, the motorcycle imports into the country witnessed 15.52 percent increase during the fiscal year 2017-18 against the corresponding year, according to Pakistan Bureau of Statistics (PBS).

Pakistan imported motorcycles worth $106.382 million in July-June (2017-18) against the imports of $92.089 million in July-June 2016-17, showing growth of 15.52 percent.

Meanwhile, on a year-on-year basis, the motorcycle imports surged by 22.83 percent during the month of June as compared to the same month of last year. The motorcycle imports in June 2018 were recorded at $9.562 million against the imports of $7.785 million in June 2017, the PBS data revealed.

On a month-on-month basis, the imports of motorcycles witnessed a nominal increase of 0.81 percent during the month of June 2017 when compared to the imports of $9.485 million in May 2018, according to the data.

Meanwhile, the local production of motorcycles during the first eleven months of fiscal year (2017-18) increased by 15.44 percent as against the corresponding period of last year.

As many as 2,650,233 motorcycles were manufactured during July-May (2017-18) against the output of 2,295,846 during July-May (2016-17), showing growth of 15.44 percent, the latest PBS production data revealed.

On the year-on-year basis, the production of motorcycles increased by 14.57 percent by growing from the output of 231,295 units in May 2017 to 264,984 units in May 2018.