Saturday, October 28, 2017

Kashmiris Observe Black Day While India Promotes Half Truths on UNSC Resolutions

The people of Indian occupied Kashmir (IOK) observed Black Day on the 70th anniversary of India's brutal Army occupation, yesterday, the 27th of October 2017. This comes amid continuing attempts by India and its supporters, including Professor Christine Fair, to justify Indian occupation with half truths about UN Security Council Resolutions calling on India to let the Kashmiris decide their future through a plebiscite.

Indians allege that Pakistan violated the UNSC Resolution 47 (1948) calling for a plebiscite by refusing to withdraw its military from the territory of the state. What they don't acknowledge is that it was superseded by UNSC Resolution 80 (1950) that called for progressive demilitarization on both sides of the ceasefire line to limit the deployment of the number of Indian and Pakistani troops as determined by the United Nations Commission for India and Pakistan.

Here's an excerpt of UNSC Resolution 80 passed in March, 1950:

"Calls upon the Governments of India and Pakistan to make immediate arrangements, without prejudice to their rights or claims and with due regard to the requirements of law and order, to prepare and execute within a period of five months from the date of this resolution a programme of demilitarisation on the basis of the principles of paragraph 2 of General McNaughton proposal or of such modifications of those principles as may be mutually agreed"

Here's the text of paragraph 2 of General McNaughton's proposal to UNSC:

"There should be an agreed programme of progressive demilitarisation, the basic principle of which should be the reduction of armed forces on either side of the Cease-Fire Line by withdrawal, disbandment and disarmament in such stages as not to cause fear at any point of time to the people on either side of the Cease-Fire Line. The aim should be to reduce the armed personnel in the State of Jammu and Kashmir on both side of the Cease-Fire Line to the minimum compatible with the maintenance of security and of local law and order, and to a level sufficiently low and with the forces so disposed that they will not constitute a restriction on the free expression of opinion for the purposes of the plebiscite."

On the "Northern Areas" through which China-Pakistan Economic Corridor passes, the Norton proposal referred to by UNSC Resolution 80 gives Pakistani authorities the right to administer it until there is a plebiscite under UN supervision. It ays as follows:

"The "Northern Area" (including Gilgit-Baltistan region through which CPEC asses) should also be included in the above programme of demilitarisation, and its administration should, subject to United Nations supervision, be continued by the existing local authorities (Pakistani authorities)."

In a book titled "United Nations Security Council and War: The Evolution of Thought and Practice since 1945", authors Vaughan Lowe, Adam Roberts, Jennifer Welsh and Dominik Zaum explain it as follows:

"(After passing UNSC Resolution 80 of March 14, 1950, calling for progressive demilitarization based on reduction of forces on either side of the CFL) UN Representative Frank P. Graham proposed a twelve point demilitarization plan on 4 September 1952. However, there was disagreement over the specific number of forces to remain on each side of CFL (Ceasefire Line) at the end of the period of demilitarization--between 3,000 and 6,000 on the Pakistan side and 12,000-18,000 on the Indian side. The subsequent proposals on demilitarization by Swedish diplomat Gunnar Jarring also came to naught. At the same time, India began to harden its position on the UN-supervised plebiscite which it had committed to following the withdrawal of Pakistani forces from the Pakistani side of the CFL "

It's clear from the details described above of what transpired after UNSC Resolution 80 that "India began to harden its position on the UN-supervised plebiscite which it had committed to following the withdrawal of Pakistani forces from the Pakistani side of the CFL (Ceasefire Line)".

India's brutal military occupation of Kashmir today is not only illegal but also immoral. It violates multiple UNSC resolutions on Kashmir and makes a mockery of the pledge made by one of India's founding fathers and first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru to the people of Kashmir and to the world.

Here's Indian Jawaharlal University telling students in Delhi that Jammu and Kashmir are legally not part of India:

https://youtu.be/KWp1E8xrY5E

"Everyone knows that India is illegally occupying Kashmir. It is said the world over. Everybody accepts (it)....The map of India in foreign publications like Time and Newsweek show a different map of Kashmir. These copies of the magazines always create a lot of controversies and are censored and destroyed. When the whole world is talking about India's illegal occupation of Kashmir, then we should think the pro-azaadi (pro freedom) slogans in the valley are justified"





Related Links:

Haq's Musings

Christine Fair: Unfair? Unhinged?

700,000 Indian Soldiers vs 10 Million Kashmiris

What if Modi Attacks Pakistan?

1965 India-Pakistan War

2016 Kashmir Uprising

Kashmir in Context

Arundhati Roy on Indian Military Occupation of Kashmir

JNU Anti-Modi Protests

8 comments:

Sushil said...

Jammu & Kashmir is and will ALWAYS be a integral part of India. Nothing will ever change that.

Riaz Haq said...

Sushil: "Jammu & Kashmir is and will ALWAYS be a integral part of India."

I'm shocked by such total disregard for the pledge made to the people of Kashmir and to the world by one of your founding fathers and first prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru! It's so shameless!!

You and the world may have forgotten Nehru's pledge but the people of Kashmir have not. A new generation of Kashmiris is now rising up against India's illegal, immoral and brutal military occupation of large parts of Jammu and Kashmir. They are in no mood to give up their legitimate fight for freedom.

Watch and listen to India's conscience Arundhati Roy and JNU Professor Nivedita Menon:


https://youtu.be/KWp1E8xrY5E


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M6Y3H1WdkMk


Delhi's Jawaharlal University Professor Menon: "Everyone knows that India is illegally occupying Kashmir. It is said the world over. Everybody accepts (it)....The map of India in foreign publications like Time and Newsweek show a different map of Kashmir. These copies of the magazines always create a lot of controversies and are censored and destroyed. When the whole world is talking about India's illegal occupation of Kashmir, then we should think the pro-azaadi (pro freedom) slogans in the valley are justified"

https://youtu.be/KWp1E8xrY5E

Anonymous said...

Anonymous Sushil said...
Jammu & Kashmir is and will ALWAYS be a integral part of India. Nothing will ever change that.

It is amazing that Indians uses the same rhetoric that the colonial powers of the past used.

Kashmir is an integral part of India, just like India was an "integral part" of the British Empire, we know what happened to that.

What will happen to the Kashmiri Pundits? What will happen to the Algerian born French if Algeria gains independence?

Yawnnnnnnnn.

G. Ali

Chanderhaas said...

Pakistan in trying to snatch Kashmir has lost East Pakistan. Furthermore it has "gained" a jihadi infrastructure that is biting its own master. Lastly, it has lost face internationally and that 'all weather friend' will look the other way just as it did in all the previous wars with India.
Action speak louder than words I am sorry to say G Ali

Anonymous said...

Anon.

Please get out of the time trap. This is not 1971 nor is it 2015. This 2017, the all weather friend has too much invested in the country.

Second, Pakistan may have invited Kashmiris but now their Independence movement is self driven, the slogan of Azadi is quite unanimous now.

Third, Pakistan didn't game n jihadis but supporting Kashmiris but by supporting Afghans against Soviets, a little lesson in history from an unbiased source might be good for your mental health.

BTW, it was India that introduced terrorism in South Asia by supporting mukti bahini, Shanti bahini, LTTE etc. With you guys it is always an issue when you are the victims but it is Ok when you are the perputrators.

G.Ali

NBRX said...

@G Ali
If that is how Pakistanis think it is easy to understand why Pakistan has a credibility problem internationally. The very definition of terrorism is different in Pakistan. I would advise to revisit the US Government definition which is accepted generally accepted by most countries.

The U.S. Code of Federal Regulations defines terrorism as "the unlawful use of force and violence against persons or property to intimidate or coerce a government, the civilian population, or any segment thereof, in furtherance of political or social objectives" (28 C.F.R.
Definitions of terrorism

Anonymous said...

NBRX,

History is not a static process, things change, opinions change and perceptions change with time. It doesn't matter what other think, what matters is what Pakistanis think of themselves.

I am not sure about your age but I have seen villans changing into heros and heros becoming vilans by international media. Pakistan's problem is more of economic, social and geographic nature than anything else. However, if we can overcome our economic vows, many other problems will be solved.

G. Ali

Riaz Haq said...

#India ordered to probe 2,080 mass graves in #Kashmir where thousands have disappeared @AJENews

http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2017/11/india-ordered-probe-3800-mass-graves-kashmir-171103114819966.html

Srinagar, Indian-administered Kashmir - The state-run human rights commission has told the government in Kashmir to investigate at least 2,080 unmarked mass graves discovered in border areas of the restive region.

The Association of Parents of Disappeared Persons (APDP), a human rights group in Kashmir, told the commission there were 3,844 unmarked graves - 2,717 in Poonch and 1,127 in Rajouri, twin districts in the region that lie along Line of Control (LoC) that divides the disputed territory between India and Pakistan.

In response, the commission acknowledged the presence of 2,080 unmarked graves and asked the government for a comprehensive investigation to be completed in six months, including DNA tests of the bodies to compare it with family members of the disappeared.

In 2011, the commission directed the government to investigate the mass graves. At the time, a special team from the commission said 2,730 unidentified bodies were buried in 38 sites across northern Kashmir.

"The commission has no hesitation to issue the same directions, which were already issued in the case," the recent order said.

Thousands disappeared
APDP maintains 8,000 people have disappeared in the decades-old conflict, and accuses government forces of staging gun battles to cover up killings.

The association welcomed the commission's latest demand to investigate mass graves in India's Jammu and Kashmir state.

"It is an acknowledgement from the institution that is run by the government. It provides further legal remedies for the family members of missing," Khurram Parvez from APDP told Al Jazeera.

"We have been demanding that there be an independent commission to do a credible probe on the mass graves."

Parvez said the probe might give an "answer" to families of disappeared who do not know whether their relatives are dead or alive.

"We have done a study of 53 cases for a report where the bodies were exhumed from unknown graves. It was found that 49 bodies in the graves were of civilians and one was a local militant, three bodies were unknown. These people were dubbed as foreign militants by the government," Parvez said.

Since 2011, instead of complying with directions from the human rights commission, the government continues to avoid such an investigation on the pretext it would lead to a "law and order problem" in Kashmir, APDP said in a statement.

The European Parliament adopted a resolution in July 2008 and called on India's government ensure independent and impartial investigations into all mass graves, APDP said.

Officials contacted by Al Jazeera declined to comment on Friday.

The state government has said most of the missing were likely Kashmiri youths who crossed into Pakistan for weapons training. Those comments have been dismissed by family members of the disappeared.