Saturday, November 30, 2019

Pakistani F1 Student Enrollment in US Rising at Slowest Rate in 5 Years

Enrollment of Pakistani students on US F1 visa rose just 5.6% to 7,957 in 2018/19, the slowest rate in 5 years. It's in sharp contrast to 27% jump in Pakistani student enrollment to 28,000 in China this year.

Pakistani F1 Students in US. Source: IIE 

Rate of increase in Pakistani students on F-1 visas declined to 5.6%, down from 8.5% in 2014/15 and 14.7% in 2015/16. However, the total number of Pakistani students on F1 visa in the United States has climbed from 5,354 to 7,957. Enrollment of international students from Pakistan on F1 visa declined from a peak of nearly 9,000 in 2001/02 to a low of 4,600 in 2011/12.

US Non-Immigrant Visa Rejection Rates. Source US State Dept via Quartz India 

Total number of foreign students studying in the United States is nearly 1.1 million, the largest in the world. China hosts nearly 492,000 foreign students. New international student enrollment is declining in the US while it is rapidly climbing in China.

Pakistan (7,957) now ranks 22nd among nations sending students to study in the United States.  China (369,548), India (202,014), South Korea (52.250), Saudi Arabia (37,080) and Canada (26,122) occupy the top 5 positions in terms of the number of international students in the United States.

Number of foreign students in the United States from various countries of origin is heavily skewed by visa refusal rates. 48% of applications from Pakistan for non-immigrant travel visa to the United States, including F-1 student visa, are rejected, a much higher rate than 27% refusals in India. Highest refusal rates are for applicants from Somalia (90.2%) and Iran (87.7%). The lowest are in Argentina (1.7%) and Liechtenstein ( 0%).

In China, South Korea is the leading sender with 50,600 students enrolled in 2018, followed by Thailand (28,600 students), and, in a virtual tie for second place, Pakistan and its 28,000 students in Chinese institutions and schools last year. Rounding out the top five source countries are India (23,200 students in 2018) and the US (21,000 students).

Related Links:

Haq's Musings

South Asia Investor Review

Rapid Growth of China-Pakistan Educational, Scientific and Cultural Ties 

China-Pakistan Strategic Ties

US and China Compete For Influence in Pakistan

China-Pakistan Defense Tech Cooperation Irks West

Pakistan-Russia-China vs India-Japan-US

Pakistan Rising or Falling? Myth Vs Reality

Facts and Myths About China-Pakistan Economic Corridor

China Emerges as Top Destination for Pakistanis Studying Abroad

Sec Hagel: India Using Afghanistan to Launch Attacks in Pakistan

Ex Indian Spy Documents RAW's Successes Against Pakistan

Riaz Haq's Youtube Channel


  1. Interesting Statistics on the # of students from other countries studying in the USA & China…….so a bit puzzling are the facts that there are so many more students from China studying in the USA ( 370 K ) whereas only 21K students from the USA are
    Studying in China ?……..Wonder how many of these 370K studying in the USA are funded by the Govt of China and how many are paying their own way from private funds or loans ?

    Another interesting Fact is that from. 2008 to 2016 the Govt of China stashed away at least 4 - 5 Trillion U.S $$ in Profits, into their Bank Accounts mainly due to the huge discrepancy in Tariffs charged ( China charging the USA an average of 25% whereas the USA only Charging China a paltry average of 3 % ) for at least the past 20-25 years or more ?………..this also has some correlation to the US National Debt which skyrocketed from 6 - 7 Trillion to almost 18 - 19 Trillion from 2008 to 2016 - ?

    Conclusion is obvious that the USA has the Best University Educational Institutions in the World ………& I don’t see any other country threatening the Superior education at U.S Universities anytime in the near future ( 10-15 years )

  2. US is ridiculously expensive and not worth it now unless go to an elite university.

    I think way treating adjuncts is big downside of US.

  3. Applications for non-immigrant travel #visa to #US, including F-1 #student visa, are rejected at rejected at much a higher rate in #Pakistan 48% than in #India 26%. Highest refusals: #Somalia 90.2%, #Iran 87.7%. Lowest: #Argentina 1.7%, #Liechtenstein 0%

    Nearly 6.4 million people came to the United States on a B visa in 2017. This common visa type—B-1, for business travel; B-2, for tourism; or the combo B-1/B-2, for a bit of both—is issued for short-term travel to the US. If you plan to attend business meetings or conferences, spend a week on vacation in Hawaii or Florida, or visit family in the US, this is the visa you’re likely to need.

    Not everyone requires one, of course. Citizens of 38 countries are eligible for the ESTA visa waiver system, allowing them to bypass ordinary visa requirements for short-term business or tourist travel. They are mostly rich nations in Europe and Asia.

    But despite how common the B visa is, getting one isn’t as easy as it might appear. Applicants must pay a fee, apply online, and then attend an in-person interview, where they’ll be grilled on what their plans are, where they’ll be going, and—crucially—when they plan to leave the US. Processing time from there can take as much as two months.

    Even then, many people find their applications rejected. In fiscal year 2018—which ran from October 1, 2017 through September 30, 2018—B visa applicants from around 50 countries were more likely to have their application refused than accepted. For citizens of Somalia, the refusal rate was more than 90%, with only 38 Somalis granted a B visa (pdf).

    The table below shows the refusal rates for each country with at least 10 visas issued in fiscal year 2018, according to data from the US Department of State (pdf). The overall refusal rate, including countries with 10 or fewer visas issued, was 32.4%.

  4. Number of Pakistani students studying in US increased by 5.6 percent during 2018-19.
    Pakistan sent 7,957 students to USA in 2018-19, as compared to 7,537 students sent last year.

    The numbers showed a slight increase in total international enrollment, 0.05% from the previous year, but a decrease in new international student enrollment, -0.9%.

    Decreases were seen in undergraduate (-2.4%), graduate (-1.3%) and non-degree (-5.0%) trends, as well.

    China sent the most students -- 369,548 -- comprising 33.7 percent of all foreign students, a 1.7 percent increase from the previous year.

    India sent the second-largest number -- 202,014 -- or 18.4% of all college and university students, a 2.9% increase from the previous year.

    But several other countries, in descending order of number of students sent to the U.S., showed declines: South Korea (-4.2%), Saudi Arabia (-16.5%), Canada (0.8%), Vietnam (0.3%), Taiwan (4.1%), Japan (-3.5%), Brazil (9.8%), Mexico (-1.5%), Nigeria (5.8%), Nepal (-0.3%), Iran (-5.0%), the United Kingdom (-2.7%), Turkey (-3.4%), Kuwait (-9.8%), Germany (-8.5%), France (-1.0%), Indonesia (-3.4%), Bangladesh (10%), Colombia (1.1%), Pakistan (5.6%), Venezuela (-7.3%), Malaysia (-6.8%) and Spain (-3.0%).

  5. The United States has been the country of choice for international students, hosting more than one million from around the world. Each year, the U.S. issues more than 300,000 new F-1 visas! China clearly dominates the field, receiving nearly 100K student visas each year. India is second on the list, followed by South Korea, Vietnam and Japan. All five countries for sending the largest number of foreign students to the U.S. are from Asia.

    Pakistan ranks 25th with 1,965 F1 visas and 185 F2 visas in Fiscal Year 2018 (Oct 1 to Sept 30)

    1 China - mainland 98,904(F1) 2,549(F2)
    2 India 42,694 2,550
    3 Korea, South 20,959 2,529
    4 Vietnam 16,061 248
    5 Japan 14,413 670
    6 Brazil 13,288 4,751
    7 Saudi Arabia 12,502 4,595
    8 China - Taiwan 8,474 296
    9 Mexico 7,015 431
    10 Germany 6,239 80
    11 France 5,491 113
    12 Nigeria 5,365 646
    13 Colombia 4,609 349
    14 Russia 4,350 265
    15 Great Britain and Northern Ireland 4,325 87
    16 Spain 4,071 87
    17 Turkey 3,778 245
    18 Italy 3,703 95
    19 Thailand 2,722 24
    20 Hong Kong S.A.R. 2,493 45
    21 Switzerland 2,450 33
    22 Indonesia 2,351 170
    23 Australia 2,327 68
    24 Kuwait 1,989 232
    25 Pakistan 1,965 185
    26 Sweden 1,932 19
    27 Bangladesh 1,920 623
    28 Nepal 1,829 283
    29 Singapore 1,803 88
    30 Chile 1,772 434
    31 Malaysia 1,722 42
    32 Venezuela 1,672 179
    33 Netherlands 1,632 17
    34 Peru 1,594 80
    35 Argentina 1,538 109
    36 Ghana 1,494 163
    37 Norway 1,489 25
    38 Ecuador 1,477 83
    39 Iran 1,433 210
    40 Ethiopia 1,328 73
    41 Panama 1,310 5
    42 Kenya 1,285 73
    43 Denmark 1,285 13
    44 Burma 1,241 34
    45 Kazakhstan 1,178 265
    46 Egypt 1,108 266
    47 South Africa 1,062 61
    48 Israel 1,014 114
    49 Jamaica 999 47
    50 Philippines 944 55

  6. U.S. Universities Engage Thousands of Pakistani Students as Interest in U.S. Higher Education Rises

    Karachi – February 11, 2020: Amid rising Pakistani interest in U.S. higher education, representatives from 13 U.S. universities met thousands of Pakistani students during visits to schools, universities, and college fairs in Islamabad, Lahore, and Karachi as part of EducationUSA’s 16th South Asia Tour. Representatives of top universities from around the United States shared valuable information about their institutions’ academic programs, campus life, financial aid options, and application procedures.

    As noted in the Institute of International Education’s 2019 Open Doors report, Pakistan is among the world’s fastest growing emerging market places of origin for students in the United States. The thousands of academic programs, world-class institutions, and unmatched flexibility of U.S. higher education make the United States the world’s premier destination for university students.

    “Nearly 8,000 Pakistanis study at universities and colleges across the United States,” said Minister Counselor for Public Affairs Lisa Heller. “That is an increase of 5.6 percent over the previous year, and we want that number to continue to rise further. The U.S. government is very proud to support the South Asia Tour, which will help Pakistani students choose a U.S. university. “

    “Each year, the United States Educational Foundation in Pakistan (USEFP) looks forward to hosting the South Asia Tour and introducing U.S. universities to Pakistan’s brilliant student body,” said Rita Akhtar, Executive Director of USEFP. “This year, for the first time, we are providing visiting representatives a chance to connect with Pakistani alumni and admitted students of their institutions. We’ve learned over the years that the personal connections forged during face-to-face conversations with representatives encourage more Pakistani students to enroll in U.S. colleges and universities.”

    EducationUSA Pakistan is the only free and official source for higher education in the United States and a part of the U.S. Department of State’s network of more than 425 international student advising centers in more than 175 countries. Pakistan’s EducationUSA team is made up exclusively of U.S. graduates, allowing advisers to share firsthand experience with applicants. In Pakistan, EducationUSA is managed by USEFP, a bi-national commission established in 1950 by the Governments of Pakistan and the United States.

    To learn more about EducationUSA’s free advising services, please visit:

  7. 2020FACTSHEET:
    InternationalStudentPlaceof OriginRanking,2019/20
    InternationalStudentEconomic Impact,2019*
    U.S.StudyAbroad DestinationRanking,2018/19
    *Source:EstimatecalculatedbyIEbasedoninformationfrom OpenDoorsandBureauofEconomicAnalysis,U.S.DepartmentofCommerce,
    2019/20 7,939
    2018/19 7,957
    2017/18 7,537
    2016/17 7,015
    2015/16 6,141
    2014/15 5,354
    2013/14 4,935
    2012/13 4,772
    2011/12 4,600
    2010/11 5,045

    2016/17 % Ch%andgifef Students

    -0.2 . 2018/19
    5.6 . 2017/18
    7.4 . 2016/17
    14.2 . 2015/16
    14.7 . 2014/15
    8.5 . 2013/14
    3.4 . 2012/13
    3.7 . 2011/12
    -8.8 . 2010/11
    -3.4 . 2009/10
    7 40.0Abc 5 -16.7Abc 6 0.0Abc 6 -40.0Abc
    10 66.7Abc
    6 -45.5Abc
    11 175.0Abc
    4 -71.4Abc
    14 40.0Abc
    10 100.0Abc 5 -
    -. e
    Source:TheOpenDoorsReportonInternationalEducationalExchangeisacomprehensiveinformationresourceoninternationalstudentsinthe UnitedStatesandU.S.studentsstudyingabroad.ItissponsoredbytheU.S.DepartmentofStatewithfundingprovidedbytheU.S.Governmentand ispublishedbyIE.Formoreinformation,
    Year 2016/17 Calculation%3Change
    StudentsfromPakistan intheU.S.
    Undergraduate Graduate Non-degree OPT
    3,505 3,296 41.5 -6.0 2,761 2,930 36.9 6.1 306 272 3.4 -11.1 1,385 1,441 18.2 4.0
    U.S.StudentsStudying AbroadinPakistan
    2010 2015 2020
    2000 2005
    A c a d e m ic 2 20 01 187/ /1 198 2 0 1 8 /1 9 % o f
    2018/19 2019/20 % Total % Chang
    Level Countr.

  8. U.S. Universities Look For International Student Enrollment To Recover This Fall

    Compared to 2019-20, the volume of international applicants has increased by about 9% this year according to data from the Common App, as of January 22. Most of the top “sending” countries are showing increases, with the notable exception of China, the leading source of international students. But that decrease has been more than offset by substantial increases from countries like India, Canada, Nigeria, Pakistan, the United Kingdom, and Brazil.

  9. For US Visa, Over 2-Year Wait For New Delhi, Just 2 Days For Beijing
    There's an appointment wait-time of 833 days for applications from Delhi and 848 days from Mumbai for visitor visas.

    Indian visa applicants require a wait-time of over two years just for getting an appointment, a US government website showed, while the timeframe is only two days for countries like China.

    There's an appointment wait-time of 833 days for applications from Delhi and 848 days from Mumbai for visitor visas, shows the US State Department's website. In contrast, the wait-time is only two days for Beijing and 450 days for Islamabad

    For student visas, the wait time is 430 days for Delhi and Mumbai. Surprisingly, it's only one day for Islamabad, and two for Beijing.

    Foreign Minister S Jaishankar, who is in the US, yesterday raised the issue of visa applications backlog with the US Secretary of State Antony Blinken. The top US diplomat said he's "extremely sensitive" to the issue and that they are facing a similar situation around the world, a challenge arising due to Covid.

  10. UK emerges as top destination for Pakistani students seeking master’s degrees
    Pakistani students receive access to millions of pounds worth of scholarships and bursaries in the UK

    Due to its rich educational history and culture that fosters a global perspective, the UK has become one of the most sought-after destinations for Pakistani students looking to acquire higher education. As of June 2022, the number of student visas issued for Pakistani students has surged to 28,188, marking a significant 95pc increase from the previous year.

    A major contributing factor to this trend is the UK’s Graduate Route (GR) programme, which was launched in 2021. This programme allows Pakistani students to kick-start their careers immediately after completing their course, with a two-year upper limit to find employment. Doctoral graduates (PhD) are given an additional year, providing them with a competitive edge in the job market.

    Moreover, the UK’s master’s degree programme is another key factor attracting Pakistani students. The programme offers extensive transformational instruction in just 12 months, comprising a combination of classes, projects, studies, and papers. Compared to other countries where the postgraduate programme lasts two years, students in the UK can start working almost a year earlier, giving them a competitive advantage while also being more cost-effective.

    As a global hub for education, the UK boasts four universities in the top 10 list of the Times Higher Education World University Ranking 2023. Graduates from the UK have access to the best-in-class industry professionals, research facilities, and infrastructure to acquire practical skills, making them highly employable. According to QS Graduate Employability Rankings, UK graduates are the most employable globally. Additionally, according to a Universities UK International (UUKI) report, 83pc of international graduates stated that their UK degree helped them secure a job.

    For Pakistani students who cannot afford tuition fees, numerous scholarships and bursaries worth millions of pounds are available, including the Commonwealth Scholarships, Chevening Scholarships, and others. The British Council also provides exceptional scholarships to young, brilliant Pakistanis, such as the British Council Women in STEM Scholarships and GREAT Scholarships, opening up even more opportunities for them.

    A UK education prepares young students to become the leaders of tomorrow, researchers who address global challenges, entrepreneurs, and policy leaders of the future. For Pakistani students considering postgraduate education abroad, the UK offers innumerable benefits for their future professional careers.

  11. According to the latest data available from the Chinese Ministry of Education, as of 2020, there were 28,023 Pakistani students studying in China. This represents a significant increase from previous years, as the number of Pakistani students in China has been steadily growing over the last decade. Pakistan is among the top countries sending international students to China, and the two countries have been strengthening their educational ties in recent years through various initiatives and exchange programs.


    According to the latest data available from the German Federal Statistical Office, as of 2020, there were 25,609 Pakistani students enrolled in German universities. This represents a significant increase from previous years, as the number of Pakistani students in Germany has been steadily growing over the last decade. Pakistani students are one of the largest groups of international students in Germany, and the country is a popular destination for Pakistani students seeking higher education opportunities abroad.


    According to the latest data available from the Department of Home Affairs, as of June 2021, there were 23,207 Pakistani students enrolled in Australian education institutions. This represents a significant increase from previous years, as the number of Pakistani students in Australia has been steadily growing over the last decade.


    According to the UK Council for International Student Affairs (UKCISA), as of the academic year 2020/2021, there were 21,045 Pakistani students enrolled in higher education institutions in the UK. This represents a decline from the previous year, which saw 22,385 Pakistani students enrolled in UK universities. However, Pakistani students remain one of the largest non-EU groups of international students in the UK.


    According to the Open Doors Report 2021, published by the Institute of International Education (IIE), during the 2020/2021 academic year, there were 10,606 Pakistani students enrolled in higher education institutions in the United States. This represents a decline from the previous year, which saw 11,916 Pakistani students enrolled in US universities. However, Pakistani students remain an important part of the international student community in the United States.


    According to the latest data available from Campus France, as of the academic year 2019/2020, there were 2,903 Pakistani students enrolled in French universities and other higher education institutions. This represents an increase from the previous year, which saw 2,582 Pakistani students enrolled in French institutions. Pakistani students make up a relatively small proportion of the international student community in France, but there has been a steady increase in their numbers in recent years.


    According to the latest data available from the Japan Student Services Organization (JASSO), as of May 2021, there were 2,096 Pakistani students enrolled in Japanese universities and other higher education institutions. This represents a slight increase from the previous year, which saw 2,057 Pakistani students enrolled in Japanese institutions. Pakistani students make up a relatively small proportion of the international student community in Japan, but the country has been making efforts to attract more international students, including from Pakistan.

    Norway: As of 2020, there were 496 Pakistani students enrolled in Norwegian universities, according to the Norwegian Centre for International Cooperation in Education.

    Sweden: As of 2020, there were 1,433 Pakistani students enrolled in Swedish universities, according to the Swedish Council for Higher Education.

    Denmark: As of 2020, there were 152 Pakistani students enrolled in Danish universities, according to the Danish Ministry of Higher Education and Science.

    Overall, the number of Pakistani students in Scandinavia is relatively small compared to other regions, but there has been a steady increase in recent years.

  12. UNESCO stats on Pakistani students abroad

    United Arab Emirates 24,863
    Australia 11,297
    United Kingdom 7,802
    United States 7,511
    Kyrgyzstan 6,003
    Germany 5,837
    Malaysia 4,243
    Canada 2,607
    Türkiye 2,386
    Saudi Arabia 1,635
    Korea, Rep. 1,465
    Sweden 1,056
    Qatar 1,039
    Italy 936
    Hungary 878
    Finland 618
    France 502
    Norway 435
    Bahrain 411
    Iran, Islamic Rep. 377
    Ukraine 335
    Japan 330
    Cyprus 318
    Oman 293
    New Zealand 274
    China, Hong Kong 272
    Ireland 263
    Poland 253
    Latvia 234
    Spain 192
    Estonia 155
    Belgium 145
    South Africa 138
    Thailand 135
    Czechia 131
    Denmark 130
    Austria 127
    Georgia 122
    Russian Federation 115
    Azerbaijan 90
    Lithuania 84
    Egypt 77
    Portugal 71
    Switzerland 69
    Malta 63
    Uzbekistan 56
    Romania 51
    Kazakhstan 47
    Jordan 42
    Brazil 39
    Bulgaria 34
    India 25
    Slovenia 25
    Belarus 21
    Luxembourg 21
    Brunei Darussalam 19
    Ghana 17
    Iceland 17
    Botswana 11
    Morocco 10
    Slovakia 10
    Bosnia/Herzegovina 9
    Greece 9
    Tanzania 8
    Viet Nam 5

  13. 15,000 Pakistani Students are Currently Studying in Australia

    The envoy shared the willingness to boost the ties further in areas of trade and investment. He apprised the minister that 100,000 strong Pakistan diaspora and 15,000 Pakistani students in Australia are playing an important role in bringing the two countries closer.

  14. 23,450 student visas issued in 2022 for Pakistanis to study in the UK, representing 377% increase over 2019.

    The UK approved a record-breaking number of UK student visas on record in its time series. Out of 486,868 sponsored study visas granted (to both main applicants and their dependants), 117,965 went to Indian nationals. This is an increase of 80,569 (+215%) compared to 2019, and slightly more than the 115,056 granted to Chinese nationals — but Pakistani nationals saw a bigger increase in approvals for their UK student visas at 377% compared to India’s 215%.

    Following India, Chinese nationals received 115,056 approved UK student visas, 4% lower than the number seen in 2019 (119,825). Almost half of all UK student visas (48%) went to Chinese and Indian nationals.

    Nigerian nationals make up the third largest nationality group in the latest year, with a record high of 65,929 approved UK student visas. This is a 686% jump from 2019, marking the largest relative increase in Sponsored Study grants among all nationality groups.

    Indian students now see the UK as more appealing after it reintroduced opportunities to remain in the country to work after graduation.

    Data from Higher Education Statistics Agency (HESA) is showing an uptick in the number of Indian international students enrolled in British universities in 2020-21.

    First-year Indian international students have increased by 27%, from 41,815 in 2019-20 to 53,015 in 2020-21, representing 19% of all non-EU enrolments. While China still leads in terms of student enrolments, their numbers have decreased over the 2020-21 period.
    Speaking to Times of India, Indian National Student Association UK president Amit Tiwari said: “Indian students also appreciate the fact that they get a chance to apply experience to their studies due to the post-study work visa. We can only see the trend increasing of Indian students coming to the UK.”

    Sanam Arora, founder and chairperson of National Indian Students and Alumni Union UK, said India is the most natural partner for the UK when it comes to education. She added that it is in India’s interest if the UK increased their intake with a compelling offer.

    “Post-study work rights are critical to that offer, and the results of that are already being seen in the doubling of numbers from India and I do think this increase will continue. I am excited to see what comes out of the FTA negotiations,” Arora was quoted saying.

  15. HEC Pakistan announces DAAD scholarships for studies in Germany

    The Higher Education Commission (HEC) of Pakistan has announced the German assistance organization Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst (DAAD) scholarships for Pakistani students who want to study in Germany.

    According to HEC, the organisation has announced scholarships for students to pursue a Master’s degree in their Development-Related Postgraduate Courses (EPOS).

    “Under the Development-Related Postgraduate Courses (EPOS) programme, foreign graduates from development and newly industrialised countries from all disciplines and with at least two years professional experience have the opportunity to take a postgraduate or Master’s degree at a state or state-recognised German university,” the HEC statement read on Twitter.

    Pakistani graduates with at least two years of professional experience can apply for the programme and must also possess a Bachelor’s degree in a relevant subject normally in a four-year-long course.

    “Candidates can prove their motivation is development-related and be expected to take on social responsibility and initiate and support processes of change in their personal and professional environment after their training/scholarship,” DAAD mentioned on their website.

    Students can find more details on the scholarship and programme on DAAD’s website.

  16. Improving language supports could increase stay rate of international students in Germany

    More than a quarter of surveyed students said that language difficulties had been challenging for them, and nearly as many said they had experienced challenges in meeting new friends and in finding accommodation. Feeling socially isolated may be especially pronounced among Indonesian, South Korean, Taiwanese, Pakistani, and Chinese students: more than 50% in those segments said they had felt, at least at one point, the desire to go back to their home country. Among Chinese students, this proportion rose to 70%.


    Short on time? Here are the highlights:

    A survey of nearly 2,000 international students studying in Germany during the pandemic shows that many would like to remain in the country after graduating to work/immigrate or to progress to another level of study
    The most challenging obstacles for these students are language barriers and difficulties in making new friends, suggesting a need for stronger international student supports at German universities

    A 2021 Expatrio/DEGIS survey of nearly 2,000 international students who chose to study in Germany during the pandemic found that (1) most were drawn by the country’s no-tuition-fees policy and (2) more than half intended to stay in the country after their studies. That said, language barriers are a concern for many international students in Germany, including those who would like to stay on after graduation.

    About the survey
    The survey was conducted by Expatrio, a platform designed to support international students in Germany, while DEGIS is an organisation that helps international students to network and adjust to German culture.

    Students from roughly 93 countries participated in the survey; most of them were studying for master’s degrees (67%). The survey was a follow-up to one conducted in 2020 and was larger than its predecessor, with 31% more student respondents. Responses were collected from August to October 2021 and reported in “Navigating the Pandemic: International Students’ Relocation to and Life in Germany 2021.”

    Why do students choose Germany?
    Surveyed students chose Germany primarily because of the country’s no-tuition-fees policy for all students in higher education (45%); employment opportunities were the next-most influential factor (18%), especially for Mexican and Brazilian respondents.

  17. Nearly 21,000 students from Pakistan as international students return to Australia but not yet at pre-pandemic levels

    Short on time? Here are the highlights:

    Australia’s international student numbers and overall enrolments were up in 2022, but they have not yet reached their levels before the pandemic in 2019
    The Chinese market is not rebounding, and Indian students now account for more commencements (first-time enrolments) than Chinese students do
    Driving the Australian international education sector’s recovery are new students from Thailand, Nepal, Colombia, Pakistan, and other emerging markets


    Australia’s international education sector is recovering from pandemic losses, but it has not rebounded to pre-pandemic performance yet according to new data from Austrade.

    Australian institutions enrolled 619,370 foreign students in 2022. This is up 8% over 2021 but is down 18% since 2019.

    Commencements (first-time enrolments in Australian programmes) grew by 39% y-o-y but were 23% lower than in 2019. Fewer new Chinese students depressed commencement volumes: there were 39% fewer Chinese students in 2022 than in 2019. In 2022, India displaced China as the largest source of commencements.

    Total course enrolments (as distinct from total international students) nudged upwards by 4% to 746,390 in 2022, but this is 22% lower than in 2019. (Australia provides data on both international students and international enrolments – the second is always a higher number as an international student may enrol in more than one course while on their study visa.)


    Offsetting a decline in Chinese enrolments (177,470 in 2022, down 11% y-o-y) and zero momentum from India (128,980, up .03%) were notable enrolment increases from:

    Thailand, the 6th largest market, up 61% to 25,792
    Nepal, the 3rd largest market, up 21% to 71,805
    Colombia, the 4th largest market, up 21% to 28,435
    Pakistan, the 9th largest market, up 21% to 20,935

    Combined, China and India still contributed half of all international enrolments in Australian institutions in 2022.

    Foreshadowing the shape of the sector’s recovery in the years to come are commencement trends. Chinese commencements fell by 8% in 2022 compared with 2021, while Indian commencements increased by 45%, boosting India to the top market for Australia in terms of first-time enrolments in courses. Otherwise, the biggest stories in terms of commencements come from:

    Thailand, up 145%
    Nepal, up 94%
    Pakistan, up 71%
    Philippines, up 61%
    In 2022, India and China each accounted for roughly 18% of commencements, with Nepal next at 11%.

  18. UNESCO data on outbound international students in 2020

    Pakistan: 64,604 students


    Bangladesh 49,151

    Brazil 89,151

    Canada 51,156

    China 1,088,466

    Egypt 43,243

    India 516,000

    Iran 66,701

    Malaysia 55,311

    Morocco 63,001

    Nepal 95,268

    Nigeria 71,753

    Pakistan 64,604

    Syria 87,057

    South Africa 12,295

    South Korea 100,610

    Russia 57,591

    Vietnam 132,559

    UK 40,074

    USA 109,827

  19. Outbound mobility trends for five key sending markets (of international students) in Asia (in 2022)

    Bangladesh (70,000) , Nepal (125,500), Pakistan (103,190), Philippines (62,000) and Thailand (40,720).

    The most recent UNESCO data (2020) counts 64,065 Pakistani students abroad in higher education. Outbound mobility from Pakistan was over 103,190 in 2022 when we consult more recent statistics published by government sources in various destinations. There have been large increases in Pakistani students recorded recently in the UK, Australia, US, Canada, and Germany.

    The top three destinations for Pakistani students currently are UAE, UK, and Australia.

    UAE: 24,865 in 2020 according to UNESCO
    UK: 23,075 in 2021/22 (+62% y-o-y)
    Australia: 15,875 in 2022 (+15%)
    US: 8,770 in 2021/22 (+17%)
    Germany: 7,115 in 2021/22 (+22%)
    Canada: 6,405 in 2022 (+38%)
    Kyrgyzstan: 6,000 in 2020 according to UNESCO
    Malaysia: 4,700 in 2021
    Turkey: 2,385 in 2020 according to UNESCO
    Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Sweden, Qatar: At least 4,000 in 2020 according to UNESCO

  20. From Google Gen Ai:

    Studying in Europe offers Pakistani students access to world-renowned institutions, innovative teaching techniques, and multicultural surroundings. In 2019, nearly 10,000 Pakistani students registered in European colleges.
    The number of Pakistani students studying abroad has grown steadily over the past decade. In 2020, 64,604 Pakistani students were studying abroad.
    Some of the top countries for Pakistani students to study abroad include:
    The United States, The United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, Germany, New Zealand, Malaysia, France, Singapore, Sweden.
    Some of the top destinations for Pakistani students in Europe include:
    The United Kingdom
    Pakistani students are required to pass language tests to study abroad. However, some universities offer scholarships that allow students to study in Europe without IELTS.

  21. Total F1 Visa Approvals/ Issuances by Fiscal Year* at Pakistan Consulates
    Below is the total number of F1 Visa issuances/ approvals in Pakistan since fiscal year 2018.

    Fiscal Year(FY)* Approvals/ Issuances
    FY 2018 1,672
    FY 2019 1,593
    FY 2020 654
    FY 2021 4,111
    FY 2022 3,848

    F1 Visa Approval and Rejection rates for Consulates/ Embassy in Pakistan
    Below is the projected F1 Visa approval and rejection rates across US Consulates/ Embassy in Pakistan by fiscal year. The US Department of State does not release specific data of rejections/ refusals or denials by Country or US Consulate/ Embassy. The approval and rejection rates for F1 Visa and nationality of Pakistan that you see below are derived based on the total number of approvals across all Consulates in Pakistan and the global rejection/ refusal data shared by US Department of State.

    Fiscal Year* Approval Rate Rejection Rate#
    FY 2018 65.03% 34.97%
    FY 2019 74.65% 25.35%
    FY 2020 68.84% 31.16%
    FY 2021 80.17% 19.83%

    F1 Visa Approvals/ Issuances by Month and Year at Consulates/ Embassy in Pakistan
    Below is the total number of F1 Visa approvals/ issuances in Pakistan by every month of the year since year 2018. The data by month of the year is a good indicator to understand the seasonality of the demand for certain visa types for your planning. You can use this data to book appointments during less busy time to avoid issues with finding visa slots.

    Month Approvals
    January 96
    February 17
    March 30
    April 88
    May 182
    June 312
    July 413
    August 264
    September 20
    October 36
    November 74
    December 142
    Month Approvals
    January 71
    February 18
    March 19
    April 65
    May 195
    June 303
    July 436
    August 203
    September 31
    October 61
    November 161
    December 263
    Month Approvals
    January 112
    February 26
    March 17
    April 3
    May 2
    June 1
    July 1
    August 3
    September 4
    October 375
    November 326
    December 374
    Month Approvals
    January 236
    February 79
    March 131
    April 185
    May 286
    June 832
    July 576
    August 488
    September 223
    October 282
    November 341
    December 443
    Month Approvals
    January 304
    February 121
    March 133
    April 163
    May 390
    June 667
    July 522
    August 374
    September 108
    October 94
    November 0
    December 0
    F1 Visa Issuances/Approvals by US Consulate/ Embassy
    You can click on the below links to explore F1 Visa approvals/ issuances data by US Consulate/ Embassy in Pakistan

    Total F1 Visa Approvals/ Issuances by Fiscal Year* for Individuals with Nationality as Pakistan
    Below is the total number of F1 Visa approvals/ issuances for individuals with nationality as Pakistan since fiscal year 2018.

    Fiscal Year* Approvals/ Issuances
    FY 2018 1,964
    FY 2019 1,881
    FY 2020 790
    FY 2021 3,506
    FY 2022 3,553


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